summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorChristian Grothoff <christian@grothoff.org>2011-07-01 08:46:27 +0000
committerChristian Grothoff <christian@grothoff.org>2011-07-01 08:46:27 +0000
commit11a2d8cd5b619a0fea63e766585c6ec4687a0707 (patch)
tree0b18ea0e567fd7bf5ca50b5994df5abe1ba77d95 /src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c
parent9b986bcca579585f4f113d22b7c841a2ab28de0c (diff)
renaming gnunet-nat-server/client for consistency, other minor fixes
Diffstat (limited to 'src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c')
-rw-r--r--src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c527
1 files changed, 527 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c b/src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..10aa2f438
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c
@@ -0,0 +1,527 @@
+/*
+ This file is part of GNUnet.
+ (C) 2010 Christian Grothoff (and other contributing authors)
+
+ GNUnet is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
+ by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your
+ option) any later version.
+
+ GNUnet is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with GNUnet; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the
+ Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
+ Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+*/
+
+/**
+ * @file src/nat/gnunet-helper-nat-client.c
+ * @brief Tool to help bypass NATs using ICMP method; must run as root (SUID will do)
+ * This code will work under GNU/Linux only.
+ * @author Christian Grothoff
+ *
+ * This program will send ONE ICMP message using RAW sockets
+ * to the IP address specified as the second argument. Since
+ * it uses RAW sockets, it must be installed SUID or run as 'root'.
+ * In order to keep the security risk of the resulting SUID binary
+ * minimal, the program ONLY opens the RAW socket with root
+ * privileges, then drops them and only then starts to process
+ * command line arguments. The code also does not link against
+ * any shared libraries (except libc) and is strictly minimal
+ * (except for checking for errors). The following list of people
+ * have reviewed this code and considered it safe since the last
+ * modification (if you reviewed it, please have your name added
+ * to the list):
+ *
+ * - Christian Grothoff
+ * - Nathan Evans
+ * - Benjamin Kuperman (22 Aug 2010)
+ */
+#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
+/* Just needed for HAVE_SOCKADDR_IN_SIN_LEN test macro! */
+#include "gnunet_config.h"
+#else
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#endif
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <netinet/ip.h>
+#include <netinet/ip_icmp.h>
+#include <netinet/in.h>
+
+/**
+ * Must match IP given in the server.
+ */
+#define DUMMY_IP "192.0.2.86"
+
+#define NAT_TRAV_PORT 22225
+
+/**
+ * IPv4 header.
+ */
+struct ip_header
+{
+
+ /**
+ * Version (4 bits) + Internet header length (4 bits)
+ */
+ uint8_t vers_ihl;
+
+ /**
+ * Type of service
+ */
+ uint8_t tos;
+
+ /**
+ * Total length
+ */
+ uint16_t pkt_len;
+
+ /**
+ * Identification
+ */
+ uint16_t id;
+
+ /**
+ * Flags (3 bits) + Fragment offset (13 bits)
+ */
+ uint16_t flags_frag_offset;
+
+ /**
+ * Time to live
+ */
+ uint8_t ttl;
+
+ /**
+ * Protocol
+ */
+ uint8_t proto;
+
+ /**
+ * Header checksum
+ */
+ uint16_t checksum;
+
+ /**
+ * Source address
+ */
+ uint32_t src_ip;
+
+ /**
+ * Destination address
+ */
+ uint32_t dst_ip;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Format of ICMP packet.
+ */
+struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header
+{
+ uint8_t type;
+
+ uint8_t code;
+
+ uint16_t checksum;
+
+ uint32_t unused;
+
+ /* followed by original payload */
+};
+
+struct icmp_echo_header
+{
+ uint8_t type;
+
+ uint8_t code;
+
+ uint16_t checksum;
+
+ uint32_t reserved;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Beginning of UDP packet.
+ */
+struct udp_header
+{
+ uint16_t src_port;
+
+ uint16_t dst_port;
+
+ uint16_t length;
+
+ uint16_t crc;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Socket we use to send our fake ICMP replies.
+ */
+static int rawsock;
+
+/**
+ * Target "dummy" address of the packet we pretend to respond to.
+ */
+static struct in_addr dummy;
+
+/**
+ * Our "source" port.
+ */
+static uint16_t port;
+
+
+/**
+ * CRC-16 for IP/ICMP headers.
+ *
+ * @param data what to calculate the CRC over
+ * @param bytes number of bytes in data (must be multiple of 2)
+ * @return the CRC 16.
+ */
+static uint16_t
+calc_checksum (const uint16_t *data,
+ unsigned int bytes)
+{
+ uint32_t sum;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ sum = 0;
+ for (i=0;i<bytes/2;i++)
+ sum += data[i];
+ sum = (sum & 0xffff) + (sum >> 16);
+ sum = htons(0xffff - sum);
+ return sum;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Send an ICMP message to the target.
+ *
+ * @param my_ip source address
+ * @param other target address
+ */
+static void
+send_icmp_udp (const struct in_addr *my_ip,
+ const struct in_addr *other)
+{
+ char packet[sizeof(struct ip_header) * 2 +
+ sizeof(struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header) +
+ sizeof(struct udp_header)];
+ struct ip_header ip_pkt;
+ struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header icmp_pkt;
+ struct udp_header udp_pkt;
+ struct sockaddr_in dst;
+ size_t off;
+ int err;
+
+ /* ip header: send to (known) ip address */
+ off = 0;
+ ip_pkt.vers_ihl = 0x45;
+ ip_pkt.tos = 0;
+ ip_pkt.pkt_len = htons (sizeof (packet));
+ ip_pkt.id = htons(256);
+ ip_pkt.flags_frag_offset = 0;
+ ip_pkt.ttl = 128;
+ ip_pkt.proto = IPPROTO_ICMP;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = 0;
+ ip_pkt.src_ip = my_ip->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.dst_ip = other->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*)&ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header)));
+ memcpy(&packet[off],
+ &ip_pkt,
+ sizeof(struct ip_header));
+ off += sizeof(struct ip_header);
+
+ icmp_pkt.type = ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED;
+ icmp_pkt.code = 0;
+ icmp_pkt.checksum = 0;
+ icmp_pkt.unused = 0;
+ memcpy(&packet[off],
+ &icmp_pkt,
+ sizeof(struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header));
+ off += sizeof(struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header);
+
+ /* ip header of the presumably 'lost' udp packet */
+ ip_pkt.vers_ihl = 0x45;
+ ip_pkt.tos = 0;
+ ip_pkt.pkt_len = htons(sizeof (struct ip_header) +
+ sizeof (struct udp_header));
+ ip_pkt.id = htons(0);
+ ip_pkt.flags_frag_offset = 0;
+ ip_pkt.ttl = 128;
+ ip_pkt.proto = IPPROTO_UDP;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = 0;
+ ip_pkt.src_ip = other->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.dst_ip = dummy.s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*)&ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header)));
+ memcpy(&packet[off],
+ &ip_pkt,
+ sizeof(struct ip_header));
+ off += sizeof(struct ip_header);
+
+ /* build UDP header */
+ udp_pkt.src_port = htons(NAT_TRAV_PORT);
+ udp_pkt.dst_port = htons(NAT_TRAV_PORT);
+ udp_pkt.length = htons (port);
+ udp_pkt.crc = 0;
+ memcpy(&packet[off],
+ &udp_pkt,
+ sizeof(struct udp_header));
+ off += sizeof(struct udp_header);
+
+ /* set ICMP checksum */
+ icmp_pkt.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*)&packet[sizeof(struct ip_header)],
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header) +
+ sizeof (struct ip_header) +
+ sizeof (struct udp_header)));
+ memcpy (&packet[sizeof(struct ip_header)],
+ &icmp_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header));
+
+ memset (&dst, 0, sizeof (dst));
+ dst.sin_family = AF_INET;
+#if HAVE_SOCKADDR_IN_SIN_LEN
+ dst.sin_len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
+#endif
+ dst.sin_addr = *other;
+ err = sendto(rawsock,
+ packet,
+ sizeof (packet), 0,
+ (struct sockaddr*)&dst,
+ sizeof(dst));
+ if (err < 0)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "sendto failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ }
+ else if (sizeof (packet) != (size_t) err)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "Error: partial send of ICMP message\n");
+ }
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Send an ICMP message to the target.
+ *
+ * @param my_ip source address
+ * @param other target address
+ */
+static void
+send_icmp (const struct in_addr *my_ip,
+ const struct in_addr *other)
+{
+ struct ip_header ip_pkt;
+ struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header icmp_ttl;
+ struct icmp_echo_header icmp_echo;
+ struct sockaddr_in dst;
+ char packet[sizeof (struct ip_header) * 2 +
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header) +
+ sizeof (struct icmp_echo_header)];
+ size_t off;
+ int err;
+
+ /* ip header: send to (known) ip address */
+ off = 0;
+ ip_pkt.vers_ihl = 0x45;
+ ip_pkt.tos = 0;
+ ip_pkt.pkt_len = htons (sizeof (packet));
+ ip_pkt.id = htons (256);
+ ip_pkt.flags_frag_offset = 0;
+ ip_pkt.ttl = IPDEFTTL;
+ ip_pkt.proto = IPPROTO_ICMP;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = 0;
+ ip_pkt.src_ip = my_ip->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.dst_ip = other->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*)&ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header)));
+ memcpy (&packet[off],
+ &ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header));
+ off = sizeof (ip_pkt);
+
+ /* icmp reply: time exceeded */
+ icmp_ttl.type = ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED;
+ icmp_ttl.code = 0;
+ icmp_ttl.checksum = 0;
+ icmp_ttl.unused = 0;
+ memcpy (&packet[off],
+ &icmp_ttl,
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header));
+ off += sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header);
+
+ /* ip header of the presumably 'lost' udp packet */
+ ip_pkt.vers_ihl = 0x45;
+ ip_pkt.tos = 0;
+ ip_pkt.pkt_len = htons (sizeof (struct ip_header) + sizeof (struct icmp_echo_header));
+ ip_pkt.id = htons (256);
+ ip_pkt.flags_frag_offset = 0;
+ ip_pkt.ttl = 1; /* real TTL would be 1 on a time exceeded packet */
+ ip_pkt.proto = IPPROTO_ICMP;
+ ip_pkt.src_ip = other->s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.dst_ip = dummy.s_addr;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = 0;
+ ip_pkt.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*)&ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header)));
+ memcpy (&packet[off],
+ &ip_pkt,
+ sizeof (struct ip_header));
+ off += sizeof (struct ip_header);
+
+ icmp_echo.type = ICMP_ECHO;
+ icmp_echo.code = 0;
+ icmp_echo.reserved = htonl (port);
+ icmp_echo.checksum = 0;
+ icmp_echo.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*) &icmp_echo,
+ sizeof (struct icmp_echo_header)));
+ memcpy (&packet[off],
+ &icmp_echo,
+ sizeof(struct icmp_echo_header));
+
+ /* no go back to calculate ICMP packet checksum */
+ off = sizeof (struct ip_header);
+ icmp_ttl.checksum = htons(calc_checksum((uint16_t*) &packet[off],
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header) +
+ sizeof (struct ip_header) +
+ sizeof (struct icmp_echo_header)));
+ memcpy (&packet[off],
+ &icmp_ttl,
+ sizeof (struct icmp_ttl_exceeded_header));
+
+ /* prepare for transmission */
+ memset (&dst, 0, sizeof (dst));
+ dst.sin_family = AF_INET;
+#if HAVE_SOCKADDR_IN_SIN_LEN
+ dst.sin_len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
+#endif
+ dst.sin_addr = *other;
+ err = sendto(rawsock,
+ packet,
+ sizeof (packet), 0,
+ (struct sockaddr*)&dst,
+ sizeof(dst));
+ if (err < 0)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "sendto failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
+ }
+ else if (sizeof (packet) != (size_t) err)
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "Error: partial send of ICMP message\n");
+ }
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * Create an ICMP raw socket for writing.
+ *
+ * @return -1 on error
+ */
+static int
+make_raw_socket ()
+{
+ const int one = 1;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW);
+ if (-1 == ret)
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "Error opening RAW socket: %s\n",
+ strerror (errno));
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (0 != setsockopt(ret, SOL_SOCKET, SO_BROADCAST,
+ (char *)&one, sizeof(one)))
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "setsockopt failed: %s\n",
+ strerror (errno));
+ close (ret);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (0 != setsockopt(ret, IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL,
+ (char *)&one, sizeof(one)))
+ {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "setsockopt failed: %s\n",
+ strerror (errno));
+ close (ret);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+int
+main (int argc, char *const *argv)
+{
+ struct in_addr external;
+ struct in_addr target;
+ uid_t uid;
+ unsigned int p;
+
+ if (4 != argc)
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "This program must be started with our IP, the targets external IP, and our port as arguments.\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if ( (1 != inet_pton (AF_INET, argv[1], &external)) ||
+ (1 != inet_pton (AF_INET, argv[2], &target)) )
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "Error parsing IPv4 address: %s\n",
+ strerror (errno));
+ return 1;
+ }
+ if ( (1 != sscanf (argv[3], "%u", &p) ) ||
+ (0 == p) ||
+ (0xFFFF < p) )
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "Error parsing port value `%s'\n",
+ argv[3]);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ port = (uint16_t) p;
+ if (1 != inet_pton (AF_INET, DUMMY_IP, &dummy))
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "Internal error converting dummy IP to binary.\n");
+ return 2;
+ }
+ if (-1 == (rawsock = make_raw_socket()))
+ return 2;
+ uid = getuid ();
+ if (0 != setresuid (uid, uid, uid))
+ {
+ fprintf (stderr,
+ "Failed to setresuid: %s\n",
+ strerror (errno));
+ /* not critical, continue anyway */
+ }
+ send_icmp (&external,
+ &target);
+ send_icmp_udp (&external,
+ &target);
+ close (rawsock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* end of gnunet-helper-nat-client.c */