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/*
     This file is part of GNUnet.
     Copyright (C) 2011 Christian Grothoff (and other contributing authors)

     GNUnet is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
     it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
     by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your
     option) any later version.

     GNUnet is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
     WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
     General Public License for more details.

     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
     along with GNUnet; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
     Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
     Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/

/**
 * @file nat/nat_test.c
 * @brief functions to test if the NAT configuration is successful at achieving NAT traversal (with the help of a gnunet-nat-server)
 * @author Christian Grothoff
 */
#include "platform.h"
#include "gnunet_util_lib.h"
#include "gnunet_nat_lib.h"
#include "nat.h"

#define LOG(kind,...) GNUNET_log_from (kind, "nat", __VA_ARGS__)

#define NAT_SERVER_TIMEOUT GNUNET_TIME_relative_multiply (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_SECONDS, 30)

/**
 * Entry we keep for each incoming connection.
 */
struct NatActivity
{
  /**
   * This is a doubly-linked list.
   */
  struct NatActivity *next;

  /**
   * This is a doubly-linked list.
   */
  struct NatActivity *prev;

  /**
   * Socket of the incoming connection.
   */
  struct GNUNET_NETWORK_Handle *sock;

  /**
   * Handle of the master context.
   */
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *h;

  /**
   * Task reading from the incoming connection.
   */
  struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_Task * rtask;
};


/**
 * Entry we keep for each connection to the gnunet-nat-service.
 */
struct ClientActivity
{
  /**
   * This is a doubly-linked list.
   */
  struct ClientActivity *next;

  /**
   * This is a doubly-linked list.
   */
  struct ClientActivity *prev;

  /**
   * Socket of the incoming connection.
   */
  struct GNUNET_CLIENT_Connection *client;

};


/**
 * Handle to a NAT test.
 */
struct GNUNET_NAT_Test
{

  /**
   * Configuration used
   */
  const struct GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_Handle *cfg;

  /**
   * Function to call with success report
   */
  GNUNET_NAT_TestCallback report;

  /**
   * Closure for @e report.
   */
  void *report_cls;

  /**
   * Handle to NAT traversal in use
   */
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Handle *nat;

  /**
   * Handle to listen socket, or NULL
   */
  struct GNUNET_NETWORK_Handle *lsock;

  /**
   * Head of list of nat activities.
   */
  struct NatActivity *na_head;

  /**
   * Tail of list of nat activities.
   */
  struct NatActivity *na_tail;

  /**
   * Head of list of client activities.
   */
  struct ClientActivity *ca_head;

  /**
   * Tail of list of client activities.
   */
  struct ClientActivity *ca_tail;

  /**
   * Identity of task for the listen socket (if any)
   */
  struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_Task * ltask;

  /**
   * Task identifier for the timeout (if any)
   */
  struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_Task * ttask;

  /**
   * GNUNET_YES if we're testing TCP
   */
  int is_tcp;

  /**
   * Data that should be transmitted or source-port.
   */
  uint16_t data;

  /**
   * Advertised port to the other peer.
   */
  uint16_t adv_port;

  /**
   * Status code to be reported to the timeout/status call
   */
  enum GNUNET_NAT_StatusCode status;
};


/**
 * Function called from #GNUNET_NAT_register whenever someone asks us
 * to do connection reversal.
 *
 * @param cls closure, our `struct GNUNET_NAT_Handle`
 * @param addr public IP address of the other peer
 * @param addrlen actual lenght of the address
 */
static void
reversal_cb (void *cls,
             const struct sockaddr *addr,
             socklen_t addrlen)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *h = cls;
  const struct sockaddr_in *sa;

  if (sizeof (struct sockaddr_in) != addrlen)
    return;
  sa = (const struct sockaddr_in *) addr;
  if (h->data != sa->sin_port)
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
         "Received connection reversal request for wrong port\n");
    return;                     /* wrong port */
  }
  /* report success */
  h->report (h->report_cls, GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_SUCCESS);
}


/**
 * Activity on our incoming socket.  Read data from the
 * incoming connection.
 *
 * @param cls the `struct GNUNET_NAT_Test`
 * @param tc scheduler context
 */
static void
do_udp_read (void *cls,
             const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *tst = cls;
  uint16_t data;

  tst->ltask =
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_net (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL,
                                     tst->lsock,
                                     &do_udp_read, tst);
  if ((NULL != tc->write_ready) &&
      (GNUNET_NETWORK_fdset_isset (tc->read_ready, tst->lsock)) &&
      (sizeof (data) ==
       GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_recv (tst->lsock, &data, sizeof (data))))
  {
    if (data == tst->data)
      tst->report (tst->report_cls, GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_SUCCESS);
    else
      LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
           "Received data mismatches expected value\n");
  }
  else
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
         "Failed to receive data from inbound connection\n");
}


/**
 * Activity on our incoming socket.  Read data from the
 * incoming connection.
 *
 * @param cls the `struct NatActivity`
 * @param tc scheduler context
 */
static void
do_read (void *cls,
         const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct NatActivity *na = cls;
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *tst;
  uint16_t data;

  na->rtask = NULL;
  tst = na->h;
  GNUNET_CONTAINER_DLL_remove (tst->na_head, tst->na_tail, na);
  if ((NULL != tc->write_ready) &&
      (GNUNET_NETWORK_fdset_isset (tc->read_ready, na->sock)) &&
      (sizeof (data) ==
       GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_recv (na->sock, &data, sizeof (data))))
  {
    if (data == tst->data)
      tst->report (tst->report_cls, GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_SUCCESS);
    else
      LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
           "Received data does not match expected value\n");
  }
  else
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
         "Failed to receive data from inbound connection\n");
  GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_close (na->sock);
  GNUNET_free (na);
}


/**
 * Activity on our listen socket. Accept the
 * incoming connection.
 *
 * @param cls the `struct GNUNET_NAT_Test`
 * @param tc scheduler context
 */
static void
do_accept (void *cls,
           const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *tst = cls;
  struct GNUNET_NETWORK_Handle *s;
  struct NatActivity *wl;

  tst->ltask = NULL;
  if (0 != (tc->reason & GNUNET_SCHEDULER_REASON_SHUTDOWN))
    return;
  tst->ltask =
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_net (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL, tst->lsock,
                                     &do_accept, tst);
  s = GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_accept (tst->lsock, NULL, NULL);
  if (NULL == s)
  {
    GNUNET_log_strerror (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_INFO, "accept");
    return;                     /* odd error */
  }
  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
       "Got an inbound connection, waiting for data\n");
  wl = GNUNET_new (struct NatActivity);
  wl->sock = s;
  wl->h = tst;
  wl->rtask =
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_net (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL,
                                   wl->sock,
                                   &do_read, wl);
  GNUNET_CONTAINER_DLL_insert (tst->na_head, tst->na_tail, wl);
}


/**
 * Address-callback, used to send message to gnunet-nat-server.
 *
 * @param cls closure
 * @param add_remove #GNUNET_YES to mean the new public IP address, #GNUNET_NO to mean
 *     the previous (now invalid) one
 * @param addr either the previous or the new public IP address
 * @param addrlen actual length of the @a addr
 */
static void
addr_cb (void *cls,
         int add_remove,
         const struct sockaddr *addr,
         socklen_t addrlen)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *h = cls;
  struct ClientActivity *ca;
  struct GNUNET_CLIENT_Connection *client;
  struct GNUNET_NAT_TestMessage msg;
  const struct sockaddr_in *sa;

  if (GNUNET_YES != add_remove)
    return;
  if (addrlen != sizeof (struct sockaddr_in))
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
	 "NAT test ignores IPv6 address `%s' returned from NAT library\n",
	 GNUNET_a2s (addr, addrlen));
    return;                     /* ignore IPv6 here */
  }
  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_INFO,
       "Asking gnunet-nat-server to connect to `%s'\n",
       GNUNET_a2s (addr, addrlen));
  sa = (const struct sockaddr_in *) addr;
  msg.header.size = htons (sizeof (struct GNUNET_NAT_TestMessage));
  msg.header.type = htons (GNUNET_MESSAGE_TYPE_NAT_TEST);
  msg.dst_ipv4 = sa->sin_addr.s_addr;
  msg.dport = sa->sin_port;
  msg.data = h->data;
  msg.is_tcp = htonl ((uint32_t) h->is_tcp);

  client = GNUNET_CLIENT_connect ("gnunet-nat-server", h->cfg);
  if (NULL == client)
  {
    GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
                _("Failed to connect to `gnunet-nat-server'\n"));
    return;
  }
  ca = GNUNET_new (struct ClientActivity);
  ca->client = client;
  GNUNET_CONTAINER_DLL_insert (h->ca_head, h->ca_tail, ca);
  GNUNET_break (GNUNET_OK ==
                GNUNET_CLIENT_transmit_and_get_response (client, &msg.header,
                                                         NAT_SERVER_TIMEOUT,
                                                         GNUNET_YES, NULL,
                                                         NULL));
}


/**
 * Timeout task for a nat test.
 * Calls the report-callback with a timeout return value
 *
 * Destroys the nat handle after the callback has been processed.
 *
 * @param cls handle to the timed out NAT test
 * @param tc not used
 */
static void
do_timeout (void *cls,
            const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *nh = cls;

  nh->ttask = NULL;
  nh->report (nh->report_cls,
              (GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_SUCCESS == nh->status)
              ? GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_TIMEOUT
              : nh->status);
}


/**
 * Start testing if NAT traversal works using the
 * given configuration (IPv4-only).
 *
 * ALL failures are reported directly to the report callback
 *
 * @param cfg configuration for the NAT traversal
 * @param is_tcp #GNUNET_YES to test TCP, #GNUNET_NO to test UDP
 * @param bnd_port port to bind to, 0 for connection reversal
 * @param adv_port externally advertised port to use
 * @param timeout delay after which the test should be aborted
 * @param report function to call with the result of the test
 * @param report_cls closure for @a report
 * @return handle to cancel NAT test or NULL. The error is always indicated via the report callback
 */
struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *
GNUNET_NAT_test_start (const struct GNUNET_CONFIGURATION_Handle *cfg,
                       int is_tcp,
                       uint16_t bnd_port,
                       uint16_t adv_port,
                       struct GNUNET_TIME_Relative timeout,
                       GNUNET_NAT_TestCallback report,
                       void *report_cls)
{
  struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *nh;
  struct sockaddr_in sa;
  const struct sockaddr *addrs[] = { (const struct sockaddr *) &sa };
  const socklen_t addrlens[] = { sizeof (sa) };

  memset (&sa, 0, sizeof (sa));
  sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
  sa.sin_port = htons (bnd_port);
#if HAVE_SOCKADDR_IN_SIN_LEN
  sa.sin_len = sizeof (sa);
#endif

  nh = GNUNET_new (struct GNUNET_NAT_Test);
  nh->cfg = cfg;
  nh->is_tcp = is_tcp;
  nh->data = bnd_port;
  nh->adv_port = adv_port;
  nh->report = report;
  nh->report_cls = report_cls;
  nh->status = GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_SUCCESS;
  if (0 == bnd_port)
  {
    nh->nat 
      = GNUNET_NAT_register (cfg, is_tcp, 0, 0, 
			     NULL, NULL,
			     &addr_cb,
                             &reversal_cb, nh);
  }
  else
  {
    nh->lsock =
        GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_create (AF_INET,
                                      (is_tcp ==
                                       GNUNET_YES) ? SOCK_STREAM : SOCK_DGRAM,
                                      0);
    if ((nh->lsock == NULL) ||
        (GNUNET_OK !=
         GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_bind (nh->lsock, (const struct sockaddr *) &sa,
                                     sizeof (sa))))
    {
      GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
                  _("Failed to create listen socket bound to `%s' for NAT test: %s\n"),
                  GNUNET_a2s ((const struct sockaddr *) &sa, sizeof (sa)),
                  STRERROR (errno));
      if (NULL != nh->lsock)
      {
        GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_close (nh->lsock);
        nh->lsock = NULL;
      }
      nh->status = GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_INTERNAL_NETWORK_ERROR;
      nh->ttask = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_now (&do_timeout, nh);
      return nh;
    }
    if (GNUNET_YES == is_tcp)
    {
      GNUNET_break (GNUNET_OK == GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_listen (nh->lsock, 5));
      nh->ltask =
          GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_net (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL,
                                         nh->lsock, &do_accept, nh);
    }
    else
    {
      nh->ltask =
          GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_net (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL,
                                         nh->lsock, &do_udp_read, nh);
    }
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
	 "NAT test listens on port %u (%s)\n",
	 bnd_port,
	 (GNUNET_YES == is_tcp) ? "tcp" : "udp");
    nh->nat = GNUNET_NAT_register (cfg, is_tcp, adv_port, 1,
                                   addrs, addrlens,
                                   &addr_cb, NULL, nh);
    if (NULL == nh->nat)
    {
      LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
          _("NAT test failed to start NAT library\n"));
      if (NULL != nh->ltask)
      {
        GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (nh->ltask);
        nh->ltask = NULL;
      }
      if (NULL != nh->lsock)
      {
        GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_close (nh->lsock);
        nh->lsock = NULL;
      }
      nh->status = GNUNET_NAT_ERROR_NAT_REGISTER_FAILED;
      nh->ttask = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_now (&do_timeout, nh);
      return nh;
    }
  }
  nh->ttask = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_delayed (timeout, &do_timeout, nh);
  return nh;
}


/**
 * Stop an active NAT test.
 *
 * @param tst test to stop.
 */
void
GNUNET_NAT_test_stop (struct GNUNET_NAT_Test *tst)
{
  struct NatActivity *pos;
  struct ClientActivity *cpos;

  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
       "Stopping NAT test\n");
  while (NULL != (cpos = tst->ca_head))
  {
    GNUNET_CONTAINER_DLL_remove (tst->ca_head, tst->ca_tail, cpos);
    GNUNET_CLIENT_disconnect (cpos->client);
    GNUNET_free (cpos);
  }
  while (NULL != (pos = tst->na_head))
  {
    GNUNET_CONTAINER_DLL_remove (tst->na_head, tst->na_tail, pos);
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (pos->rtask);
    GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_close (pos->sock);
    GNUNET_free (pos);
  }
  if (NULL != tst->ttask)
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (tst->ttask);
  if (NULL != tst->ltask)
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (tst->ltask);
  if (NULL != tst->lsock)
    GNUNET_NETWORK_socket_close (tst->lsock);
  if (NULL != tst->nat)
    GNUNET_NAT_unregister (tst->nat);
  GNUNET_free (tst);
}

/* end of nat_test.c */