summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/util/os_priority.c
blob: 2cabd214e80e9a9fd3194b51e0c17ee724ce0251 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
/*
     This file is part of GNUnet
     (C) 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2011 Christian Grothoff (and other contributing authors)

     GNUnet is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
     it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
     by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your
     option) any later version.

     GNUnet is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
     WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
     General Public License for more details.

     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
     along with GNUnet; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
     Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
     Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*/

/**
 * @file util/os_priority.c
 * @brief Methods to set process priority
 * @author Nils Durner
 */

#include "platform.h"
#include "gnunet_util_lib.h"
#include "disk.h"
#include <unistr.h>

#define LOG(kind,...) GNUNET_log_from (kind, "util", __VA_ARGS__)

#define LOG_STRERROR(kind,syscall) GNUNET_log_from_strerror (kind, "util", syscall)

#define LOG_STRERROR_FILE(kind,syscall,filename) GNUNET_log_from_strerror_file (kind, "util", syscall, filename)

#define GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE"


struct GNUNET_OS_Process
{
  /**
   * PID of the process.
   */
  pid_t pid;

#if WINDOWS
  /**
   * Process handle.
   */
  HANDLE handle;
#endif

  /**
   * Pipe we use to signal the process.
   * NULL if unused, or if process was deemed uncontrollable.
   */
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *control_pipe;
};


/**
 * Handle for 'this' process.
 */
static struct GNUNET_OS_Process current_process;


/**
 * This handler is called when there are control data to be read on the pipe
 *
 * @param cls the 'struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle' of the control pipe
 * @param tc scheduler context
 */
static void
parent_control_handler (void *cls,
                        const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *control_pipe = cls;
  char sig;
  char *pipe_fd;
  ssize_t ret;

  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG, "`%s' invoked because of %d\n", __FUNCTION__,
       tc->reason);
  if (0 != (tc->reason &
	    (GNUNET_SCHEDULER_REASON_SHUTDOWN | GNUNET_SCHEDULER_REASON_TIMEOUT)))
  {
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (control_pipe);
    control_pipe = NULL;
    return;
  }
  ret = GNUNET_DISK_file_read (control_pipe, &sig, sizeof (sig));
  if (sizeof (sig) != ret)
  {
    if (-1 == ret)
      LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "GNUNET_DISK_file_read");
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG, "Closing control pipe\n");
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (control_pipe);
    control_pipe = NULL;
    return;
  }
  pipe_fd = getenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
  GNUNET_assert ( (NULL == pipe_fd) || (strlen (pipe_fd) <= 0) );
  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
       "Got control code %d from parent via pipe %s\n", sig, pipe_fd);
  GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_file (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL,
				  control_pipe, &parent_control_handler,
				  control_pipe);
  GNUNET_SIGNAL_raise ((int) sig);
}


/**
 * Task that connects this process to its parent via pipe;
 * essentially, the parent control handler will read signal numbers
 * from the 'GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE' (as given in an environment
 * variable) and raise those signals.
 *
 * @param cls closure (unused)
 * @param tc scheduler context (unused)
 */
void
GNUNET_OS_install_parent_control_handler (void *cls,
                                          const struct
                                          GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  const char *env_buf;
  char *env_buf_end;
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *control_pipe;
  uint64_t pipe_fd;

  env_buf = getenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
  if ( (NULL == env_buf) || (strlen (env_buf) <= 0) )
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
	 "Not installing a handler because $%s is empty\n",
         GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
    putenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "=");
    return;
  }
  errno = 0;
  pipe_fd = strtoull (env_buf, &env_buf_end, 16);
  if ((0 != errno) || (env_buf == env_buf_end))
  {
    LOG_STRERROR_FILE (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "strtoull", env_buf);
    putenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "=");
    return;
  }
#if !defined (WINDOWS)
  if (pipe_fd >= FD_SETSIZE)
#else
  if ((FILE_TYPE_UNKNOWN == GetFileType ((HANDLE) (uintptr_t) pipe_fd))
      && (0 != GetLastError ()))
#endif
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
         "GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE `%s' contains garbage?\n", env_buf);
    putenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "=");
    return;
  }
#if WINDOWS
  control_pipe = GNUNET_DISK_get_handle_from_w32_handle ((HANDLE) (uintptr_t) pipe_fd);
#else
  control_pipe = GNUNET_DISK_get_handle_from_int_fd ((int) pipe_fd);
#endif
  if (NULL == control_pipe)
  {
    LOG_STRERROR_FILE (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "open", env_buf);
    putenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "=");
    return;
  }
  LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
       "Adding parent control handler pipe `%s' to the scheduler\n", env_buf);
  GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_file (GNUNET_TIME_UNIT_FOREVER_REL, control_pipe,
                                  &parent_control_handler, control_pipe);
  putenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE "=");
}


/**
 * Get process structure for current process
 *
 * The pointer it returns points to static memory location and must not be
 * deallocated/closed
 *
 * @return pointer to the process sturcutre for this process
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_process_current ()
{
#if WINDOWS
  current_process.pid = GetCurrentProcessId ();
  current_process.handle = GetCurrentProcess ();
#else
  current_process.pid = 0;
#endif
  return &current_process;
}


/**
 * Sends a signal to the process
 *
 * @param proc pointer to process structure
 * @param sig signal
 * @return 0 on success, -1 on error
 */
int
GNUNET_OS_process_kill (struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc, int sig)
{
  int ret;
  char csig;

  csig = (char) sig;
  if (NULL != proc->control_pipe)
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG, "Sending signal %d to pid: %u via pipe\n", sig, proc->pid);
    ret = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (proc->control_pipe, &csig, sizeof (csig));
    if (sizeof (csig) == ret)
      return 0;
  }
  /* pipe failed or non-existent, try other methods */
  switch (sig)
  {
#if !defined (WINDOWS)
  case SIGHUP:
#endif
  case SIGINT:
  case SIGKILL:
  case SIGTERM:
#if (SIGTERM != GNUNET_TERM_SIG)
  case GNUNET_TERM_SIG:
#endif
#if defined(WINDOWS) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
    {
      DWORD exitcode;
      int must_kill = GNUNET_YES;
      if (0 != GetExitCodeProcess (proc->handle, &exitcode))
        must_kill = (exitcode == STILL_ACTIVE) ? GNUNET_YES : GNUNET_NO;
      if (GNUNET_YES == must_kill)
        if (0 == SafeTerminateProcess (proc->handle, 0, 0))
        {
          DWORD error_code = GetLastError ();
          if ((error_code != WAIT_TIMEOUT) && (error_code != ERROR_PROCESS_ABORTED))
          {
            LOG ((error_code == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED) ?
                GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_INFO : GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING,
                "SafeTermiateProcess failed with code %lu\n", error_code);
            /* The problem here is that a process that is already dying
             * might cause SafeTerminateProcess to fail with
             * ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED, but the process WILL die eventually.
             * If we really had a permissions problem, hanging up (which
             * is what will happen in process_wait() in that case) is
             * a valid option.
             */
            if (ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED == error_code)
            {
              errno = 0;
            }
            else
            {
              SetErrnoFromWinError (error_code);
              return -1;
            }
          }
        }
    }
    return 0;
#else
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG, "Sending signal %d to pid: %u via system call\n", sig, proc->pid);
    return PLIBC_KILL (proc->pid, sig);
#endif
  default:
#if defined (WINDOWS)
    errno = EINVAL;
    return -1;
#else
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG, "Sending signal %d to pid: %u via system call\n", sig, proc->pid);
    return PLIBC_KILL (proc->pid, sig);
#endif
  }
}

/**
 * Get the pid of the process in question
 *
 * @param proc the process to get the pid of
 *
 * @return the current process id
 */
pid_t
GNUNET_OS_process_get_pid (struct GNUNET_OS_Process * proc)
{
  return proc->pid;
}


/**
 * Cleans up process structure contents (OS-dependent) and deallocates it
 *
 * @param proc pointer to process structure
 */
void
GNUNET_OS_process_destroy (struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc)
{
  if (NULL != proc->control_pipe)
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (proc->control_pipe);
#if defined (WINDOWS)
  if (proc->handle != NULL)
    CloseHandle (proc->handle);
#endif
  GNUNET_free (proc);
}

#if WINDOWS
#include "gnunet_signal_lib.h"

extern GNUNET_SIGNAL_Handler w32_sigchld_handler;

/**
 * Make seaspider happy.
 */
#define DWORD_WINAPI DWORD WINAPI

/**
 * @brief Waits for a process to terminate and invokes the SIGCHLD handler
 * @param proc pointer to process structure
 */
static DWORD_WINAPI
child_wait_thread (void *arg)
{
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc = (struct GNUNET_OS_Process *) arg;

  WaitForSingleObject (proc->handle, INFINITE);

  if (w32_sigchld_handler)
    w32_sigchld_handler ();

  return 0;
}
#endif


#if MINGW
static char *
CreateCustomEnvTable (char **vars)
{
  char *win32_env_table;
  char *ptr;
  char **var_ptr;
  char *result;
  char *result_ptr;
  size_t tablesize = 0;
  size_t items_count = 0;
  size_t n_found = 0;
  size_t n_var;
  char *index = NULL;
  size_t c;
  size_t var_len;
  char *var;
  char *val;

  win32_env_table = GetEnvironmentStringsA ();
  if (NULL == win32_env_table)
    return NULL;
  for (c = 0, var_ptr = vars; *var_ptr; var_ptr += 2, c++) ;
  n_var = c;
  index = GNUNET_malloc (sizeof (char *) * n_var);
  for (c = 0; c < n_var; c++)
    index[c] = 0;
  for (items_count = 0, ptr = win32_env_table; ptr[0] != 0; items_count++)
  {
    size_t len = strlen (ptr);
    int found = 0;

    for (var_ptr = vars; *var_ptr; var_ptr++)
    {
      var = *var_ptr++;
      val = *var_ptr;
      var_len = strlen (var);
      if (strncmp (var, ptr, var_len) == 0)
      {
        found = 1;
        index[c] = 1;
        tablesize += var_len + strlen (val) + 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    if (!found)
      tablesize += len + 1;
    ptr += len + 1;
  }
  for (n_found = 0, c = 0, var_ptr = vars; *var_ptr; var_ptr++, c++)
  {
    var = *var_ptr++;
    val = *var_ptr;
    if (index[c] != 1)
      n_found += strlen (var) + strlen (val) + 1;
  }
  result = GNUNET_malloc (tablesize + n_found + 1);
  for (result_ptr = result, ptr = win32_env_table; ptr[0] != 0;)
  {
    size_t len = strlen (ptr);
    int found = 0;

    for (c = 0, var_ptr = vars; *var_ptr; var_ptr++, c++)
    {
      var = *var_ptr++;
      val = *var_ptr;
      var_len = strlen (var);
      if (strncmp (var, ptr, var_len) == 0)
      {
        found = 1;
        break;
      }
    }
    if (!found)
    {
      strcpy (result_ptr, ptr);
      result_ptr += len + 1;
    }
    else
    {
      strcpy (result_ptr, var);
      result_ptr += var_len;
      strcpy (result_ptr, val);
      result_ptr += strlen (val) + 1;
    }
    ptr += len + 1;
  }
  for (c = 0, var_ptr = vars; *var_ptr; var_ptr++, c++)
  {
    var = *var_ptr++;
    val = *var_ptr;
    var_len = strlen (var);
    if (index[c] != 1)
    {
      strcpy (result_ptr, var);
      result_ptr += var_len;
      strcpy (result_ptr, val);
      result_ptr += strlen (val) + 1;
    }
  }
  FreeEnvironmentStrings (win32_env_table);
  GNUNET_free (index);
  *result_ptr = 0;
  return result;
}

#else

/**
 * Open '/dev/null' and make the result the given
 * file descriptor.
 *
 * @param target_fd desired FD to point to /dev/null
 * @param flags open flags (O_RDONLY, O_WRONLY)
 */
static void
open_dev_null (int target_fd,
	       int flags)
{
  int fd;

  fd = open ("/dev/null", flags);
  if (-1 == fd)
  {
    GNUNET_log_strerror_file (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "open", "/dev/null");
    return;
  }
  if (fd == target_fd)
    return;
  if (-1 == dup2 (fd, target_fd))
  {
    GNUNET_log_strerror (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "dup2");
    (void) close (fd);
    return;
  }
  GNUNET_break (0 == close (fd));
}
#endif


/**
 * Start a process.
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags controlling which
 *        std handles of the parent are inherited by the child.
 *        pipe_stdin and pipe_stdout take priority over std_inheritance
 *        (when they are non-NULL).
 * @param pipe_stdin pipe to use to send input to child process (or NULL)
 * @param pipe_stdout pipe to use to get output from child process (or NULL)
 * @param lsocks array of listen sockets to dup systemd-style (or NULL);
 *         must be NULL on platforms where dup is not supported
 * @param filename name of the binary
 * @param argv NULL-terminated list of arguments to the process
 * @return process ID of the new process, -1 on error
 */
static struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
start_process (int pipe_control,
               enum GNUNET_OS_InheritStdioFlags std_inheritance,
	       struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdin,
	       struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdout,
	       const SOCKTYPE *lsocks,
	       const char *filename,
	       char *const argv[])
{
#ifndef MINGW
  pid_t ret;
  char fds[16];
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *gnunet_proc;
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *childpipe_read;
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *childpipe_write;
  int childpipe_read_fd;
  int i;
  int j;
  int k;
  int tgt;
  int flags;
  int *lscp;
  unsigned int ls;
  int fd_stdout_write;
  int fd_stdout_read;
  int fd_stdin_read;
  int fd_stdin_write;

  if (GNUNET_SYSERR == GNUNET_OS_check_helper_binary (filename, GNUNET_NO, NULL))
    return NULL; /* not executable */
  if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
  {
    struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *childpipe;
    int dup_childpipe_read_fd = -1;

    childpipe = GNUNET_DISK_pipe (GNUNET_NO, GNUNET_NO, GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_NO);
    if (NULL == childpipe)
      return NULL;
    childpipe_read = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_detach_end (childpipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ);
    childpipe_write = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_detach_end (childpipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE);
    GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (childpipe);
    if ((NULL == childpipe_read) || (NULL == childpipe_write) ||
        (GNUNET_OK != GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (childpipe_read,
        &childpipe_read_fd, sizeof (int))) ||
        (-1 == (dup_childpipe_read_fd = dup (childpipe_read_fd))))
    {
      if (NULL != childpipe_read)
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
      if (NULL != childpipe_write)
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
      if (0 <= dup_childpipe_read_fd)
        close (dup_childpipe_read_fd);
      return NULL;
    }
    childpipe_read_fd = dup_childpipe_read_fd;
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
  }
  else
  {
    childpipe_write = NULL;
    childpipe_read_fd = -1;
  }
  if (NULL != pipe_stdout)
  {
    GNUNET_assert (GNUNET_OK ==
		   GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
						      (pipe_stdout,
						       GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE),
						      &fd_stdout_write, sizeof (int)));
    GNUNET_assert (GNUNET_OK ==
		   GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
						      (pipe_stdout, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ),
						      &fd_stdout_read, sizeof (int)));
  }
  if (NULL != pipe_stdin)
  {
    GNUNET_assert (GNUNET_OK ==
		   GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
						      (pipe_stdin, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ),
						      &fd_stdin_read, sizeof (int)));
    GNUNET_assert (GNUNET_OK ==
		   GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
						      (pipe_stdin, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE),
						      &fd_stdin_write, sizeof (int)));
  }
  lscp = NULL;
  ls = 0;
  if (NULL != lsocks)
  {
    i = 0;
    while (-1 != (k = lsocks[i++]))
      GNUNET_array_append (lscp, ls, k);
    GNUNET_array_append (lscp, ls, -1);
  }
#if DARWIN
  /* see https://gnunet.org/vfork */
  ret = vfork ();
#else
  ret = fork ();
#endif
  if (-1 == ret)
  {
    int eno = errno;
    LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "fork");
    GNUNET_array_grow (lscp, ls, 0);
    if (NULL != childpipe_write)
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
    if (0 <= childpipe_read_fd)
      close (childpipe_read_fd);
    errno = eno;
    return NULL;
  }
  if (0 != ret)
  {
    unsetenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
    gnunet_proc = GNUNET_new (struct GNUNET_OS_Process);
    gnunet_proc->pid = ret;
    gnunet_proc->control_pipe = childpipe_write;
    if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
    {
      close (childpipe_read_fd);
    }
    GNUNET_array_grow (lscp, ls, 0);
    return gnunet_proc;
  }
  if (0 <= childpipe_read_fd)
  {
    char fdbuf[100];
#ifndef DARWIN
    /* due to vfork, we must NOT free memory on DARWIN! */
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
#endif
    snprintf (fdbuf, 100, "%x", childpipe_read_fd);
    setenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE, fdbuf, 1);
  }
  else
    unsetenv (GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
  if (NULL != pipe_stdin)
  {
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (fd_stdin_write));
    if (-1 == dup2 (fd_stdin_read, 0))
      LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "dup2");
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (fd_stdin_read));
  }
  else if (0 == (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_IN))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (0));
    open_dev_null (0, O_RDONLY);
  }
  if (NULL != pipe_stdout)
  {
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (fd_stdout_read));
    if (-1 == dup2 (fd_stdout_write, 1))
      LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "dup2");
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (fd_stdout_write));
  }
  else if (0 == (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_OUT))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (1));
    open_dev_null (1, O_WRONLY);
  }
  if (0 == (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_ERR))
  {
    GNUNET_break (0 == close (2));
    open_dev_null (2, O_WRONLY);
  }
  if (NULL != lscp)
  {
    /* read systemd documentation... */
    i = 0;
    tgt = 3;
    while (-1 != lscp[i])
    {
      j = i + 1;
      while (-1 != lscp[j])
      {
        if (lscp[j] == tgt)
        {
          /* dup away */
          k = dup (lscp[j]);
          GNUNET_assert (-1 != k);
          GNUNET_assert (0 == close (lscp[j]));
          lscp[j] = k;
          break;
        }
        j++;
      }
      if (lscp[i] != tgt)
      {
        /* Bury any existing FD, no matter what; they should all be closed
         * on exec anyway and the important onces have been dup'ed away */
        (void) close (tgt);
        GNUNET_assert (-1 != dup2 (lscp[i], tgt));
      }
      /* unset close-on-exec flag */
      flags = fcntl (tgt, F_GETFD);
      GNUNET_assert (flags >= 0);
      flags &= ~FD_CLOEXEC;
      fflush (stderr);
      (void) fcntl (tgt, F_SETFD, flags);
      tgt++;
      i++;
    }
    GNUNET_snprintf (fds, sizeof (fds), "%u", i);
    setenv ("LISTEN_FDS", fds, 1);
  }
#ifndef DARWIN
  /* due to vfork, we must NOT free memory on DARWIN! */
  GNUNET_array_grow (lscp, ls, 0);
#endif
  execvp (filename, argv);
  LOG_STRERROR_FILE (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "execvp", filename);
  _exit (1);
#else
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *childpipe_read;
  struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *childpipe_write;
  HANDLE childpipe_read_handle;
  char **arg;
  char **non_const_argv;
  unsigned int cmdlen;
  char *cmd;
  char *idx;
  STARTUPINFOW start;
  PROCESS_INFORMATION proc;
  int argcount = 0;
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *gnunet_proc;
  char path[MAX_PATH + 1];
  char *our_env[7] = { NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL };
  char *env_block = NULL;
  char *pathbuf;
  DWORD pathbuf_len;
  DWORD alloc_len;
  char *self_prefix;
  char *bindir;
  char *libdir;
  char *ptr;
  char *non_const_filename;
  char win_path[MAX_PATH + 1];
  struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *lsocks_pipe;
  const struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *lsocks_write_fd;
  HANDLE lsocks_read;
  HANDLE lsocks_write;
  wchar_t *wpath;
  wchar_t *wcmd;
  size_t wpath_len;
  size_t wcmd_len;
  int env_off;
  int fail;
  long lRet;
  HANDLE stdin_handle;
  HANDLE stdout_handle;
  HANDLE stdih, stdoh, stdeh;
  DWORD stdif, stdof, stdef;
  BOOL bresult;
  DWORD error_code;

  if (GNUNET_SYSERR == GNUNET_OS_check_helper_binary (filename, GNUNET_NO, NULL))
    return NULL; /* not executable */

  /* Search in prefix dir (hopefully - the directory from which
   * the current module was loaded), bindir and libdir, then in PATH
   */
  self_prefix = GNUNET_OS_installation_get_path (GNUNET_OS_IPK_SELF_PREFIX);
  bindir = GNUNET_OS_installation_get_path (GNUNET_OS_IPK_BINDIR);
  libdir = GNUNET_OS_installation_get_path (GNUNET_OS_IPK_LIBDIR);

  pathbuf_len = GetEnvironmentVariableA ("PATH", (char *) &pathbuf, 0);

  alloc_len =
      pathbuf_len + 1 + strlen (self_prefix) + 1 + strlen (bindir) + 1 +
      strlen (libdir);

  pathbuf = GNUNET_malloc (alloc_len * sizeof (char));

  ptr = pathbuf;
  ptr += sprintf (pathbuf, "%s;%s;%s;", self_prefix, bindir, libdir);
  GNUNET_free (self_prefix);
  GNUNET_free (bindir);
  GNUNET_free (libdir);

  alloc_len = GetEnvironmentVariableA ("PATH", ptr, pathbuf_len);
  if (alloc_len != pathbuf_len - 1)
  {
    GNUNET_free (pathbuf);
    errno = ENOSYS;             /* PATH changed on the fly. What kind of error is that? */
    return NULL;
  }

  cmdlen = strlen (filename);
  if ( (cmdlen < 5) || (0 != strcmp (&filename[cmdlen - 4], ".exe")) )
    GNUNET_asprintf (&non_const_filename, "%s.exe", filename);
  else
    GNUNET_asprintf (&non_const_filename, "%s", filename);

  /* It could be in POSIX form, convert it to a DOS path early on */
  if (ERROR_SUCCESS != (lRet = plibc_conv_to_win_path (non_const_filename, win_path)))
  {
    SetErrnoFromWinError (lRet);
    LOG_STRERROR_FILE (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "plibc_conv_to_win_path",
                       non_const_filename);
    GNUNET_free (non_const_filename);
    GNUNET_free (pathbuf);
    return NULL;
  }
  GNUNET_free (non_const_filename);
  non_const_filename = GNUNET_strdup (win_path);
   /* Check that this is the full path. If it isn't, search. */
  /* FIXME: convert it to wchar_t and use SearchPathW?
   * Remember: arguments to _start_process() are technically in UTF-8...
   */
  if (non_const_filename[1] == ':')
  {
    snprintf (path, sizeof (path) / sizeof (char), "%s", non_const_filename);
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
        "Using path `%s' as-is. PATH is %s\n", path, ptr);
  }
  else if (!SearchPathA
           (pathbuf, non_const_filename, NULL, sizeof (path) / sizeof (char),
            path, NULL))
  {
    SetErrnoFromWinError (GetLastError ());
    LOG_STRERROR_FILE (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "SearchPath",
                       non_const_filename);
    GNUNET_free (non_const_filename);
    GNUNET_free (pathbuf);
    return NULL;
  }
  else
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
        "Found `%s' in PATH `%s'\n", path, pathbuf);
  GNUNET_free (pathbuf);
  GNUNET_free (non_const_filename);

  /* Count the number of arguments */
  arg = (char **) argv;
  while (*arg)
  {
    arg++;
    argcount++;
  }

  /* Allocate a copy argv */
  non_const_argv = GNUNET_malloc (sizeof (char *) * (argcount + 1));

  /* Copy all argv strings */
  argcount = 0;
  arg = (char **) argv;
  while (*arg)
  {
    if (arg == argv)
      non_const_argv[argcount] = GNUNET_strdup (path);
    else
      non_const_argv[argcount] = GNUNET_strdup (*arg);
    arg++;
    argcount++;
  }
  non_const_argv[argcount] = NULL;

  /* Count cmd len */
  cmdlen = 1;
  arg = non_const_argv;
  while (*arg)
  {
    cmdlen = cmdlen + strlen (*arg) + 4;
    arg++;
  }

  /* Allocate and create cmd */
  cmd = idx = GNUNET_malloc (sizeof (char) * cmdlen);
  arg = non_const_argv;
  while (*arg)
  {
    char arg_last_char = (*arg)[strlen (*arg) - 1];
    idx += sprintf (idx, "\"%s%s\"%s", *arg,
        arg_last_char == '\\' ? "\\" : "", *(arg + 1) ? " " : "");
    arg++;
  }

  while (argcount > 0)
    GNUNET_free (non_const_argv[--argcount]);
  GNUNET_free (non_const_argv);

  memset (&start, 0, sizeof (start));
  start.cb = sizeof (start);
  if ((pipe_stdin != NULL) || (pipe_stdout != NULL) || (std_inheritance != 0))
    start.dwFlags |= STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;

  stdih = GetStdHandle (STD_INPUT_HANDLE);
  GetHandleInformation (stdih, &stdif);
  if (pipe_stdin != NULL)
  {
    GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
                                       (pipe_stdin, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ),
                                       &stdin_handle, sizeof (HANDLE));
    start.hStdInput = stdin_handle;
  }
  else if (stdih)
  {
    if (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_IN)
    {
      SetHandleInformation (stdih, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 1);
      if (pipe_stdin == NULL)
        start.hStdInput = stdih;
    }
    else
      SetHandleInformation (stdih, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 0);
  }


  stdoh = GetStdHandle (STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
  GetHandleInformation (stdoh, &stdof);
  if (NULL != pipe_stdout)
  {
    GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
                                       (pipe_stdout,
                                        GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE),
                                       &stdout_handle, sizeof (HANDLE));
    start.hStdOutput = stdout_handle;
  }
  else if (stdoh)
  {
    if (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_OUT)
    {
      SetHandleInformation (stdoh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 1);
      if (pipe_stdout == NULL)
        start.hStdOutput = stdoh;
    }
    else
      SetHandleInformation (stdoh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 0);
  }

  stdeh = GetStdHandle (STD_ERROR_HANDLE);
  GetHandleInformation (stdeh, &stdef);
  if (stdeh)
  {
    if (std_inheritance & GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_ERR)
    {
      SetHandleInformation (stdeh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 1);
      start.hStdError = stdeh;
    }
    else
      SetHandleInformation (stdeh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 0);
  }

  if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
  {
    struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *childpipe;
    childpipe = GNUNET_DISK_pipe (GNUNET_NO, GNUNET_NO, GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_NO);
    if (NULL == childpipe)
      return NULL;
    childpipe_read = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_detach_end (childpipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ);
    childpipe_write = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_detach_end (childpipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE);
    GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (childpipe);
    if ((NULL == childpipe_read) || (NULL == childpipe_write) ||
        (GNUNET_OK != GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (childpipe_read,
        &childpipe_read_handle, sizeof (HANDLE))))
    {
      if (childpipe_read)
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
      if (childpipe_write)
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
      GNUNET_free (cmd);
      return NULL;
    }
    /* Unlike *nix variant, we don't dup the handle, so can't close
     * filehandle right now.
     */
    SetHandleInformation (childpipe_read_handle, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, 1);
  }
  else
  {
    childpipe_read = NULL;
    childpipe_write = NULL;
  }

  if (lsocks != NULL && lsocks[0] != INVALID_SOCKET)
  {
    lsocks_pipe = GNUNET_DISK_pipe (GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_NO);

    if (lsocks_pipe == NULL)
    {
      GNUNET_free (cmd);
      GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (lsocks_pipe);
      if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
      {
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
        GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
      }
      return NULL;
    }
    lsocks_write_fd = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle (lsocks_pipe,
        GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE);
    GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (lsocks_write_fd,
                                       &lsocks_write, sizeof (HANDLE));
    GNUNET_DISK_internal_file_handle_ (GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle
                                       (lsocks_pipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ),
                                       &lsocks_read, sizeof (HANDLE));
  }
  else
    lsocks_pipe = NULL;

  env_off = 0;
  if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
  {
    GNUNET_asprintf (&our_env[env_off++], "%s=", GNUNET_OS_CONTROL_PIPE);
    GNUNET_asprintf (&our_env[env_off++], "%p", childpipe_read_handle);
  }
  if ( (lsocks != NULL) && (lsocks[0] != INVALID_SOCKET))
  {
    /*This will tell the child that we're going to send lsocks over the pipe*/
    GNUNET_asprintf (&our_env[env_off++], "%s=", "GNUNET_OS_READ_LSOCKS");
    GNUNET_asprintf (&our_env[env_off++], "%lu", lsocks_read);
  }
  our_env[env_off++] = NULL;
  env_block = CreateCustomEnvTable (our_env);
  while (0 > env_off)
    GNUNET_free_non_null (our_env[--env_off]);

  wpath_len = 0;
  if (NULL == (wpath = u8_to_u16 ((uint8_t *) path, 1 + strlen (path), NULL, &wpath_len)))
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
        "Failed to convert `%s' from UTF-8 to UTF-16: %d\n", path, errno);
    GNUNET_free (env_block);
    GNUNET_free (cmd);
    if (lsocks_pipe)
      GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (lsocks_pipe);
    if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
    {
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
    }
    return NULL;
  }

  wcmd_len = 0;
  if (NULL == (wcmd = u8_to_u16 ((uint8_t *) cmd, 1 + strlen (cmd), NULL, &wcmd_len)))
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_DEBUG,
        "Failed to convert `%s' from UTF-8 to UTF-16: %d\n", cmd, errno);
    GNUNET_free (env_block);
    GNUNET_free (cmd);
    free (wpath);
    if (lsocks_pipe)
      GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (lsocks_pipe);
    if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
    {
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
    }
    return NULL;
  }

  bresult = CreateProcessW (wpath, wcmd, NULL, NULL, GNUNET_YES,
       CREATE_NO_WINDOW | CREATE_SUSPENDED, env_block, NULL, &start, &proc);
  error_code = GetLastError ();

  if ((NULL == pipe_stdin) && (stdih))
    SetHandleInformation (stdih, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, stdif);


  if ((NULL == pipe_stdout) && (stdoh))
    SetHandleInformation (stdoh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, stdof);

  if (stdeh)
    SetHandleInformation (stdeh, HANDLE_FLAG_INHERIT, stdef);

  if (!bresult)
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR, "CreateProcess(%s, %s) failed: %lu\n", path, cmd, error_code);

  GNUNET_free (env_block);
  GNUNET_free (cmd);
  free (wpath);
  free (wcmd);
  if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
  {
    GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_read);
  }

  if (!bresult)
  {
    if (GNUNET_YES == pipe_control)
    {
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (childpipe_write);
    }
    if (NULL != lsocks)
      GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (lsocks_pipe);
    SetErrnoFromWinError (error_code);
    return NULL;
  }

  gnunet_proc = GNUNET_new (struct GNUNET_OS_Process);
  gnunet_proc->pid = proc.dwProcessId;
  gnunet_proc->handle = proc.hProcess;
  gnunet_proc->control_pipe = childpipe_write;

  CreateThread (NULL, 64000, &child_wait_thread, (void *) gnunet_proc, 0, NULL);

  ResumeThread (proc.hThread);
  CloseHandle (proc.hThread);

  if ( (NULL == lsocks) || (INVALID_SOCKET == lsocks[0]) )
    return gnunet_proc;

  GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close_end (lsocks_pipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ);

  /* This is a replacement for "goto error" that doesn't use goto */
  fail = 1;
  do
  {
    ssize_t wrote;
    uint64_t size;
    uint64_t count;
    unsigned int i;

    /* Tell the number of sockets */
    for (count = 0; lsocks && lsocks[count] != INVALID_SOCKET; count++);

    wrote = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (lsocks_write_fd, &count, sizeof (count));
    if (sizeof (count) != wrote)
    {
      GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
		  "Failed to write %u count bytes to the child: %u\n",
		  sizeof (count), GetLastError ());
      break;
    }
    for (i = 0; lsocks && lsocks[i] != INVALID_SOCKET; i++)
    {
      WSAPROTOCOL_INFOA pi;
      /* Get a socket duplication info */
      if (SOCKET_ERROR == WSADuplicateSocketA (lsocks[i], gnunet_proc->pid, &pi))
      {
        GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
		    "Failed to duplicate an socket[%llu]: %u\n", i,
		    GetLastError ());
        break;
      }
      /* Synchronous I/O is not nice, but we can't schedule this:
       * lsocks will be closed/freed by the caller soon, and until
       * the child creates a duplicate, closing a socket here will
       * close it for good.
       */
      /* Send the size of the structure
       * (the child might be built with different headers...)
       */
      size = sizeof (pi);
      wrote = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (lsocks_write_fd, &size, sizeof (size));
      if (sizeof (size) != wrote)
      {
        GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
		    "Failed to write %u size[%llu] bytes to the child: %u\n",
		    sizeof (size), i, GetLastError ());
        break;
      }
      /* Finally! Send the data */
      wrote = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (lsocks_write_fd, &pi, sizeof (pi));
      if (sizeof (pi) != wrote)
      {
        GNUNET_log (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_ERROR,
		    "Failed to write %u socket[%llu] bytes to the child: %u\n",
		    sizeof (pi), i, GetLastError ());
        break;
      }
    }
    /* This will block us until the child makes a final read or closes
     * the pipe (hence no 'wrote' check), since we have to wait for it
     * to duplicate the last socket, before we return and start closing
     * our own copies)
     */
    wrote = GNUNET_DISK_file_write (lsocks_write_fd, &count, sizeof (count));
    fail = 0;
  }
  while (fail);

  GNUNET_DISK_file_sync (lsocks_write_fd);
  GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (lsocks_pipe);

  if (fail)
  {
    /* If we can't pass on the socket(s), the child will block forever,
     * better put it out of its misery.
     */
    SafeTerminateProcess (gnunet_proc->handle, 0, 0);
    CloseHandle (gnunet_proc->handle);
    if (NULL != gnunet_proc->control_pipe)
      GNUNET_DISK_file_close (gnunet_proc->control_pipe);
    GNUNET_free (gnunet_proc);
    return NULL;
  }
  return gnunet_proc;
#endif
}




/**
 * Start a process.
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags
 * @param pipe_stdin pipe to use to send input to child process (or NULL)
 * @param pipe_stdout pipe to use to get output from child process (or NULL)
 * @param filename name of the binary
 * @param argv NULL-terminated array of arguments to the process
 * @return pointer to process structure of the new process, NULL on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_start_process_vap (int pipe_control,
                             enum GNUNET_OS_InheritStdioFlags std_inheritance,
			     struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdin,
			     struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdout,
			     const char *filename,
			     char *const argv[])
{
  return start_process (pipe_control,
                        std_inheritance,
			pipe_stdin,
			pipe_stdout,
			NULL,
			filename,
			argv);
}


/**
 * Start a process.
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags
 * @param pipe_stdin pipe to use to send input to child process (or NULL)
 * @param pipe_stdout pipe to use to get output from child process (or NULL)
 * @param filename name of the binary
 * @param va NULL-terminated list of arguments to the process
 * @return pointer to process structure of the new process, NULL on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_start_process_va (int pipe_control,
                            enum GNUNET_OS_InheritStdioFlags std_inheritance,
			    struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdin,
                            struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdout,
                            const char *filename, va_list va)
{
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *ret;
  va_list ap;
  char **argv;
  int argc;

  argc = 0;
  va_copy (ap, va);
  while (NULL != va_arg (ap, char *))
    argc++;
  va_end (ap);
  argv = GNUNET_malloc (sizeof (char *) * (argc + 1));
  argc = 0;
  va_copy (ap, va);
  while (NULL != (argv[argc] = va_arg (ap, char *)))
    argc++;
  va_end (ap);
  ret = GNUNET_OS_start_process_vap (pipe_control,
                                     std_inheritance,
				     pipe_stdin,
				     pipe_stdout,
				     filename,
				     argv);
  GNUNET_free (argv);
  return ret;
}


/**
 * Start a process.
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags
 * @param pipe_stdin pipe to use to send input to child process (or NULL)
 * @param pipe_stdout pipe to use to get output from child process (or NULL)
 * @param filename name of the binary
 * @param ... NULL-terminated list of arguments to the process
 * @return pointer to process structure of the new process, NULL on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_start_process (int pipe_control,
                         enum GNUNET_OS_InheritStdioFlags std_inheritance,
			 struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdin,
                         struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *pipe_stdout,
                         const char *filename, ...)
{
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *ret;
  va_list ap;

  va_start (ap, filename);
  ret = GNUNET_OS_start_process_va (pipe_control, std_inheritance, pipe_stdin,
				    pipe_stdout, filename, ap);
  va_end (ap);
  return ret;
}


/**
 * Start a process.
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags controlling which
 *        std handles of the parent are inherited by the child.
 *        pipe_stdin and pipe_stdout take priority over std_inheritance
 *        (when they are non-NULL).
 * @param lsocks array of listen sockets to dup systemd-style (or NULL);
 *         must be NULL on platforms where dup is not supported
 * @param filename name of the binary
 * @param argv NULL-terminated list of arguments to the process
 * @return process ID of the new process, -1 on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_start_process_v (int pipe_control,
                           enum GNUNET_OS_InheritStdioFlags std_inheritance,
			   const SOCKTYPE *lsocks,
                           const char *filename,
                           char *const argv[])
{
  return start_process (pipe_control,
                        std_inheritance,
			NULL,
			NULL,
			lsocks,
			filename,
			argv);
}


/**
 * Start a process.  This function is similar to the GNUNET_OS_start_process_*
 * except that the filename and arguments can have whole strings which contain
 * the arguments.  These arguments are to be separated by spaces and are parsed
 * in the order they appear.  Arguments containing spaces can be used by
 * quoting them with @em ".
 *
 * @param pipe_control should a pipe be used to send signals to the child?
 * @param std_inheritance a set of GNUNET_OS_INHERIT_STD_* flags
 * @param lsocks array of listen sockets to dup systemd-style (or NULL);
 *         must be NULL on platforms where dup is not supported
 * @param filename name of the binary.  It is valid to have the arguments
 *         in this string when they are separated by spaces.
 * @param ... more arguments.  Should be of type `char *`.  It is valid
 *         to have the arguments in these strings when they are separated by
 *         spaces.  The last argument MUST be NULL.
 * @return pointer to process structure of the new process, NULL on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_Process *
GNUNET_OS_start_process_s (int pipe_control,
                           unsigned int std_inheritance,
                           const SOCKTYPE * lsocks,
                           const char *filename, ...)
{
  va_list ap;
  char **argv;
  unsigned int argv_size;
  const char *arg;
  const char *rpos;
  char *pos;
  char *cp;
  const char *last;
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc;
  char *binary_path;
  int quote_on;
  unsigned int i;
  size_t len;

  argv_size = 1;
  va_start (ap, filename);
  arg = filename;
  last = NULL;
  do
  {
    rpos = arg;
    quote_on = 0;
    while ('\0' != *rpos)
    {
      if ('"' == *rpos)
      {
	if (1 == quote_on)
	  quote_on = 0;
	else
	  quote_on = 1;
      }
      if ( (' ' == *rpos) && (0 == quote_on) )
      {
	if (NULL != last)
	  argv_size++;
	last = NULL;
	rpos++;
	while (' ' == *rpos)
	  rpos++;
      }
      if ( (NULL == last) && ('\0' != *rpos) ) // FIXME: == or !=?
	last = rpos;
      if ('\0' != *rpos)
	rpos++;
    }
    if (NULL != last)
      argv_size++;
  }
  while (NULL != (arg = (va_arg (ap, const char*))));
  va_end (ap);

  argv = GNUNET_malloc (argv_size * sizeof (char *));
  argv_size = 0;
  va_start (ap, filename);
  arg = filename;
  last = NULL;
  do
  {
    cp = GNUNET_strdup (arg);
    quote_on = 0;
    pos = cp;
    while ('\0' != *pos)
    {
      if ('"' == *pos)
      {
	if (1 == quote_on)
	  quote_on = 0;
	else
	  quote_on = 1;
      }
      if ( (' ' == *pos) && (0 == quote_on) )
      {
	*pos = '\0';
	if (NULL != last)
	  argv[argv_size++] = GNUNET_strdup (last);
	last = NULL;
	pos++;
	while (' ' == *pos)
	  pos++;
      }
      if ( (NULL == last) && ('\0' != *pos)) // FIXME: == or !=?
	last = pos;
      if ('\0' != *pos)
	pos++;
    }
    if (NULL != last)
      argv[argv_size++] = GNUNET_strdup (last);
    last = NULL;
    GNUNET_free (cp);
  }
  while (NULL != (arg = (va_arg (ap, const char*))));
  va_end (ap);
  argv[argv_size] = NULL;

  for(i = 0; i < argv_size; i++)
  {
    len = strlen (argv[i]);
    if ( (argv[i][0] == '"') && (argv[i][len-1] == '"'))
    {
      memmove (&argv[i][0], &argv[i][1], len - 2);
      argv[i][len-2] = '\0';
    }
  }
  binary_path = argv[0];
  proc = GNUNET_OS_start_process_v (pipe_control, std_inheritance, lsocks,
				    binary_path, argv);
  while (argv_size > 0)
    GNUNET_free (argv[--argv_size]);
  GNUNET_free (argv);
  return proc;
}


/**
 * Retrieve the status of a process, waiting on him if dead.
 * Nonblocking version.
 *
 * @param proc process ID
 * @param type status type
 * @param code return code/signal number
 * @return GNUNET_OK on success, GNUNET_NO if the process is still running, GNUNET_SYSERR otherwise
 */
int
GNUNET_OS_process_status (struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc,
                          enum GNUNET_OS_ProcessStatusType *type,
                          unsigned long *code)
{
#ifndef MINGW
  int status;
  int ret;

  GNUNET_assert (0 != proc);
  ret = waitpid (proc->pid, &status, WNOHANG);
  if (ret < 0)
  {
    LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "waitpid");
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  if (0 == ret)
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_RUNNING;
    *code = 0;
    return GNUNET_NO;
  }
  if (proc->pid != ret)
  {
    LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "waitpid");
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  if (WIFEXITED (status))
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_EXITED;
    *code = WEXITSTATUS (status);
  }
  else if (WIFSIGNALED (status))
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_SIGNALED;
    *code = WTERMSIG (status);
  }
  else if (WIFSTOPPED (status))
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_SIGNALED;
    *code = WSTOPSIG (status);
  }
#ifdef WIFCONTINUED
  else if (WIFCONTINUED (status))
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_RUNNING;
    *code = 0;
  }
#endif
  else
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_UNKNOWN;
    *code = 0;
  }
#else
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD c, error_code, ret;

  h = proc->handle;
  ret = proc->pid;
  if (h == NULL || ret == 0)
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "Invalid process information {%d, %08X}\n",
         ret, h);
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  if (h == NULL)
    h = GetCurrentProcess ();

  SetLastError (0);
  ret = GetExitCodeProcess (h, &c);
  error_code = GetLastError ();
  if (ret == 0 || error_code != NO_ERROR)
  {
    SetErrnoFromWinError (error_code);
    LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "GetExitCodeProcess");
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  if (STILL_ACTIVE == c)
  {
    *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_RUNNING;
    *code = 0;
    return GNUNET_NO;
  }
  *type = GNUNET_OS_PROCESS_EXITED;
  *code = c;
#endif

  return GNUNET_OK;
}


/**
 * Wait for a process
 *
 * @param proc pointer to process structure
 * @return GNUNET_OK on success, GNUNET_SYSERR otherwise
 */
int
GNUNET_OS_process_wait (struct GNUNET_OS_Process *proc)
{
#ifndef MINGW
  pid_t pid = proc->pid;
  pid_t ret;

  while ( (pid != (ret = waitpid (pid, NULL, 0))) &&
	  (EINTR == errno) ) ;
  if (pid != ret)
  {
    LOG_STRERROR (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "waitpid");
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  return GNUNET_OK;
#else
  HANDLE h;

  h = proc->handle;
  if (NULL == h)
  {
    LOG (GNUNET_ERROR_TYPE_WARNING, "Invalid process information {%d, %08X}\n",
         proc->pid, h);
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  if (NULL == h)
    h = GetCurrentProcess ();

  if (WAIT_OBJECT_0 != WaitForSingleObject (h, INFINITE))
  {
    SetErrnoFromWinError (GetLastError ());
    return GNUNET_SYSERR;
  }
  return GNUNET_OK;
#endif
}


/**
 * Handle to a command.
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle
{

  /**
   * Process handle.
   */
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *eip;

  /**
   * Handle to the output pipe.
   */
  struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *opipe;

  /**
   * Read-end of output pipe.
   */
  const struct GNUNET_DISK_FileHandle *r;

  /**
   * Function to call on each line of output.
   */
  GNUNET_OS_LineProcessor proc;

  /**
   * Closure for 'proc'.
   */
  void *proc_cls;

  /**
   * Buffer for the output.
   */
  char buf[1024];

  /**
   * Task reading from pipe.
   */
  GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskIdentifier rtask;

  /**
   * When to time out.
   */
  struct GNUNET_TIME_Absolute timeout;

  /**
   * Current read offset in buf.
   */
  size_t off;
};


/**
 * Stop/kill a command.  Must ONLY be called either from
 * the callback after 'NULL' was passed for 'line' *OR*
 * from an independent task (not within the line processor).
 *
 * @param cmd handle to the process
 */
void
GNUNET_OS_command_stop (struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle *cmd)
{
  if (NULL != cmd->proc)
  {
    GNUNET_assert (GNUNET_SCHEDULER_NO_TASK != cmd->rtask);
    GNUNET_SCHEDULER_cancel (cmd->rtask);
  }
  (void) GNUNET_OS_process_kill (cmd->eip, SIGKILL);
  GNUNET_break (GNUNET_OK == GNUNET_OS_process_wait (cmd->eip));
  GNUNET_OS_process_destroy (cmd->eip);
  GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (cmd->opipe);
  GNUNET_free (cmd);
}


/**
 * Read from the process and call the line processor.
 *
 * @param cls the 'struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle'
 * @param tc scheduler context
 */
static void
cmd_read (void *cls, const struct GNUNET_SCHEDULER_TaskContext *tc)
{
  struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle *cmd = cls;
  GNUNET_OS_LineProcessor proc;
  char *end;
  ssize_t ret;

  cmd->rtask = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_NO_TASK;
  if (GNUNET_YES != GNUNET_NETWORK_fdset_handle_isset (tc->read_ready, cmd->r))
  {
    /* timeout, shutdown, etc. */
    proc = cmd->proc;
    cmd->proc = NULL;
    proc (cmd->proc_cls, NULL);
    return;
  }
  ret =
      GNUNET_DISK_file_read (cmd->r, &cmd->buf[cmd->off],
                             sizeof (cmd->buf) - cmd->off);
  if (ret <= 0)
  {
    if ((cmd->off > 0) && (cmd->off < sizeof (cmd->buf)))
    {
      cmd->buf[cmd->off] = '\0';
      cmd->proc (cmd->proc_cls, cmd->buf);
    }
    proc = cmd->proc;
    cmd->proc = NULL;
    proc (cmd->proc_cls, NULL);
    return;
  }
  end = memchr (&cmd->buf[cmd->off], '\n', ret);
  cmd->off += ret;
  while (NULL != end)
  {
    *end = '\0';
    cmd->proc (cmd->proc_cls, cmd->buf);
    memmove (cmd->buf, end + 1, cmd->off - (end + 1 - cmd->buf));
    cmd->off -= (end + 1 - cmd->buf);
    end = memchr (cmd->buf, '\n', cmd->off);
  }
  cmd->rtask =
      GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_file (GNUNET_TIME_absolute_get_remaining
                                      (cmd->timeout), cmd->r, &cmd_read, cmd);
}


/**
 * Run the given command line and call the given function
 * for each line of the output.
 *
 * @param proc function to call for each line of the output
 * @param proc_cls closure for proc
 * @param timeout when to time out
 * @param binary command to run
 * @param ... arguments to command
 * @return NULL on error
 */
struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle *
GNUNET_OS_command_run (GNUNET_OS_LineProcessor proc, void *proc_cls,
                       struct GNUNET_TIME_Relative timeout, const char *binary,
                       ...)
{
  struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle *cmd;
  struct GNUNET_OS_Process *eip;
  struct GNUNET_DISK_PipeHandle *opipe;
  va_list ap;

  opipe = GNUNET_DISK_pipe (GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_YES, GNUNET_NO, GNUNET_YES);
  if (NULL == opipe)
    return NULL;
  va_start (ap, binary);
  /* redirect stdout, don't inherit stderr/stdin */
  eip = GNUNET_OS_start_process_va (GNUNET_NO, 0, NULL, opipe, binary, ap);
  va_end (ap);
  if (NULL == eip)
  {
    GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close (opipe);
    return NULL;
  }
  GNUNET_DISK_pipe_close_end (opipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_WRITE);
  cmd = GNUNET_new (struct GNUNET_OS_CommandHandle);
  cmd->timeout = GNUNET_TIME_relative_to_absolute (timeout);
  cmd->eip = eip;
  cmd->opipe = opipe;
  cmd->proc = proc;
  cmd->proc_cls = proc_cls;
  cmd->r = GNUNET_DISK_pipe_handle (opipe, GNUNET_DISK_PIPE_END_READ);
  cmd->rtask = GNUNET_SCHEDULER_add_read_file (timeout, cmd->r, &cmd_read, cmd);
  return cmd;
}


/* end of os_priority.c */