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/*
     This file is part of libmicrohttpd
     Copyright (C) 2007, 2009, 2011 Christian Grothoff
     Copyright (C) 2014-2022 Evgeny Grin (Karlson2k)

     libmicrohttpd is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
     it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
     by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your
     option) any later version.

     libmicrohttpd is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
     WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
     General Public License for more details.

     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
     along with libmicrohttpd; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
     Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
     Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/

/**
 * @file perf_get_concurrent.c
 * @brief benchmark concurrent GET operations
 *        Note that we run libcurl on the machine at the
 *        same time, so the execution time may be influenced
 *        by the concurrent activity; it is quite possible
 *        that more time is spend with libcurl than with MHD,
 *        so the performance scores calculated with this code
 *        should NOT be used to compare with other HTTP servers
 *        (since MHD is actually better); only the relative
 *        scores between MHD versions are meaningful.
 * @author Christian Grothoff
 * @author Karlson2k (Evgeny Grin)
 */

#include "MHD_config.h"
#include "platform.h"
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include <microhttpd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include "mhd_has_in_name.h"

#if defined(MHD_CPU_COUNT) && (MHD_CPU_COUNT + 0) < 2
#undef MHD_CPU_COUNT
#endif
#if ! defined(MHD_CPU_COUNT)
#define MHD_CPU_COUNT 2
#endif

/**
 * How many rounds of operations do we do for each
 * test (total number of requests will be ROUNDS * PAR).
 * Ensure that free ports are not exhausted during test.
 */
#if MHD_CPU_COUNT > 8
#ifndef _WIN32
#define ROUNDS (1 + (30000 / 12) / MHD_CPU_COUNT)
#else /* _WIN32 */
#define ROUNDS (1 + (3000 / 12) / MHD_CPU_COUNT)
#endif /* _WIN32 */
#else
#define ROUNDS 500
#endif

/**
 * How many requests do we do in parallel?
 */
#define PAR MHD_CPU_COUNT

/**
 * Do we use HTTP 1.1?
 */
static int oneone;

/**
 * Response to return (re-used).
 */
static struct MHD_Response *response;

/**
 * Time this round was started.
 */
static unsigned long long start_time;

/**
 * Set to 1 if the worker threads are done.
 */
static volatile int signal_done;


/**
 * Get the current timestamp
 *
 * @return current time in ms
 */
static unsigned long long
now (void)
{
  struct timeval tv;

  gettimeofday (&tv, NULL);
  return (((unsigned long long) tv.tv_sec * 1000LL)
          + ((unsigned long long) tv.tv_usec / 1000LL));
}


/**
 * Start the timer.
 */
static void
start_timer (void)
{
  start_time = now ();
}


/**
 * Stop the timer and report performance
 *
 * @param desc description of the threading mode we used
 */
static void
stop (const char *desc)
{
  double rps = ((double) (PAR * ROUNDS * 1000)) / ((double) (now ()
                                                             - start_time));

  fprintf (stderr,
           "Parallel GETs using %s: %f %s\n",
           desc,
           rps,
           "requests/s");
}


static size_t
copyBuffer (void *ptr,
            size_t size, size_t nmemb,
            void *ctx)
{
  (void) ptr; (void) ctx;          /* Unused. Silent compiler warning. */
  return size * nmemb;
}


static enum MHD_Result
ahc_echo (void *cls,
          struct MHD_Connection *connection,
          const char *url,
          const char *method,
          const char *version,
          const char *upload_data, size_t *upload_data_size,
          void **req_cls)
{
  static int ptr;
  enum MHD_Result ret;
  (void) cls;
  (void) url; (void) version;                      /* Unused. Silent compiler warning. */
  (void) upload_data; (void) upload_data_size;     /* Unused. Silent compiler warning. */

  if (0 != strcmp (MHD_HTTP_METHOD_GET, method))
    return MHD_NO;              /* unexpected method */
  if (&ptr != *req_cls)
  {
    *req_cls = &ptr;
    return MHD_YES;
  }
  *req_cls = NULL;
  ret = MHD_queue_response (connection, MHD_HTTP_OK, response);
  if (ret == MHD_NO)
    abort ();
  return ret;
}


static void *
thread_gets (void *param)
{
  CURL *c;
  CURLcode errornum;
  unsigned int i;
  char *const url = (char *) param;
  static char curl_err_marker[] = "curl error";

  c = curl_easy_init ();
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_URL, url);
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, &copyBuffer);
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, NULL);
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_FAILONERROR, 1L);
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 150L);
  if (oneone)
    curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION, CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1);
  else
    curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION, CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_0);
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 150L);
  /* NOTE: use of CONNECTTIMEOUT without also
     setting NOSIGNAL results in really weird
     crashes on my system! */
  curl_easy_setopt (c, CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL, 1L);
  for (i = 0; i < ROUNDS; i++)
  {
    if (CURLE_OK != (errornum = curl_easy_perform (c)))
    {
      fprintf (stderr,
               "curl_easy_perform failed: `%s'\n",
               curl_easy_strerror (errornum));
      curl_easy_cleanup (c);
      return curl_err_marker;
    }
  }
  curl_easy_cleanup (c);

  return NULL;
}


static void *
do_gets (void *param)
{
  int j;
  pthread_t par[PAR];
  char url[64];
  uint16_t port = (uint16_t) (intptr_t) param;
  char *err = NULL;
  static char pthr_err_marker[] = "pthread_create error";

  snprintf (url,
            sizeof (url),
            "http://127.0.0.1:%u/hello_world",
            (unsigned int) port);
  for (j = 0; j < PAR; j++)
  {
    if (0 != pthread_create (&par[j], NULL, &thread_gets, (void *) url))
    {
      for (j--; j >= 0; j--)
        pthread_join (par[j], NULL);
      return pthr_err_marker;
    }
  }
  for (j = 0; j < PAR; j++)
  {
    char *ret_val;
    if ((0 != pthread_join (par[j], (void **) &ret_val)) ||
        (NULL != ret_val) )
      err = ret_val;
  }
  signal_done = 1;
  return err;
}


static unsigned int
testInternalGet (uint16_t port, uint32_t poll_flag)
{
  struct MHD_Daemon *d;
  const char *const test_desc = ((poll_flag & MHD_USE_AUTO) ?
                                 "internal thread with 'auto'" :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_POLL) ?
                                 "internal thread with poll()" :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_EPOLL) ?
                                 "internal thread with epoll" :
                                 "internal thread with select()");
  const char *ret_val;

  if (MHD_NO != MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_AUTODETECT_BIND_PORT))
    port = 0;

  signal_done = 0;
  d = MHD_start_daemon (MHD_USE_INTERNAL_POLLING_THREAD | MHD_USE_ERROR_LOG
                        | (enum MHD_FLAG) poll_flag,
                        port, NULL, NULL, &ahc_echo, NULL, MHD_OPTION_END);
  if (d == NULL)
    return 1;
  if (0 == port)
  {
    const union MHD_DaemonInfo *dinfo;
    dinfo = MHD_get_daemon_info (d, MHD_DAEMON_INFO_BIND_PORT);
    if ((NULL == dinfo) || (0 == dinfo->port) )
    {
      MHD_stop_daemon (d); return 32;
    }
    port = dinfo->port;
  }
  start_timer ();
  ret_val = do_gets ((void *) (intptr_t) port);
  if (! ret_val)
    stop (test_desc);
  MHD_stop_daemon (d);
  if (ret_val)
  {
    fprintf (stderr,
             "Error performing %s test: %s\n", test_desc, ret_val);
    return 4;
  }
  return 0;
}


static unsigned int
testMultithreadedGet (uint16_t port, uint32_t poll_flag)
{
  struct MHD_Daemon *d;
  const char *const test_desc = ((poll_flag & MHD_USE_AUTO) ?
                                 "internal thread with 'auto' and thread per connection"
                                 :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_POLL) ?
                                 "internal thread with poll() and thread per connection"
                                 :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_EPOLL) ?
                                 "internal thread with epoll and thread per connection"
                                 :
                                 "internal thread with select() and thread per connection");
  const char *ret_val;

  if (MHD_NO != MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_AUTODETECT_BIND_PORT))
    port = 0;

  signal_done = 0;
  d = MHD_start_daemon (MHD_USE_THREAD_PER_CONNECTION
                        | MHD_USE_INTERNAL_POLLING_THREAD | MHD_USE_ERROR_LOG
                        | (enum MHD_FLAG) poll_flag,
                        port, NULL, NULL, &ahc_echo, NULL, MHD_OPTION_END);
  if (d == NULL)
    return 16;
  if (0 == port)
  {
    const union MHD_DaemonInfo *dinfo;
    dinfo = MHD_get_daemon_info (d, MHD_DAEMON_INFO_BIND_PORT);
    if ((NULL == dinfo) || (0 == dinfo->port) )
    {
      MHD_stop_daemon (d); return 32;
    }
    port = dinfo->port;
  }
  start_timer ();
  ret_val = do_gets ((void *) (intptr_t) port);
  if (! ret_val)
    stop (test_desc);
  MHD_stop_daemon (d);
  if (ret_val)
  {
    fprintf (stderr,
             "Error performing %s test: %s\n", test_desc, ret_val);
    return 4;
  }
  return 0;
}


static unsigned int
testMultithreadedPoolGet (uint16_t port, uint32_t poll_flag)
{
  struct MHD_Daemon *d;
  const char *const test_desc = ((poll_flag & MHD_USE_AUTO) ?
                                 "internal thread pool with 'auto'" :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_POLL) ?
                                 "internal thread pool with poll()" :
                                 (poll_flag & MHD_USE_EPOLL) ?
                                 "internal thread poll with epoll" :
                                 "internal thread pool with select()");
  const char *ret_val;

  if (MHD_NO != MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_AUTODETECT_BIND_PORT))
    port = 0;

  signal_done = 0;
  d = MHD_start_daemon (MHD_USE_INTERNAL_POLLING_THREAD | MHD_USE_ERROR_LOG
                        | (enum MHD_FLAG) poll_flag,
                        port, NULL, NULL, &ahc_echo, NULL,
                        MHD_OPTION_THREAD_POOL_SIZE, MHD_CPU_COUNT,
                        MHD_OPTION_END);
  if (d == NULL)
    return 16;
  if (0 == port)
  {
    const union MHD_DaemonInfo *dinfo;
    dinfo = MHD_get_daemon_info (d, MHD_DAEMON_INFO_BIND_PORT);
    if ((NULL == dinfo) || (0 == dinfo->port) )
    {
      MHD_stop_daemon (d); return 32;
    }
    port = dinfo->port;
  }
  start_timer ();
  ret_val = do_gets ((void *) (intptr_t) port);
  if (! ret_val)
    stop (test_desc);
  MHD_stop_daemon (d);
  if (ret_val)
  {
    fprintf (stderr,
             "Error performing %s test: %s\n", test_desc, ret_val);
    return 4;
  }
  return 0;
}


static unsigned int
testExternalGet (uint16_t port)
{
  struct MHD_Daemon *d;
  pthread_t pid;
  fd_set rs;
  fd_set ws;
  fd_set es;
  MHD_socket max;
  struct timeval tv;
  uint64_t tt64;
  int tret;
  char *ret_val;
  int ret = 0;

  if (MHD_NO != MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_AUTODETECT_BIND_PORT))
    port = 0;

  signal_done = 0;
  d = MHD_start_daemon (MHD_USE_ERROR_LOG,
                        port, NULL, NULL, &ahc_echo, NULL, MHD_OPTION_END);
  if (d == NULL)
    return 256;
  if (0 == port)
  {
    const union MHD_DaemonInfo *dinfo;
    dinfo = MHD_get_daemon_info (d, MHD_DAEMON_INFO_BIND_PORT);
    if ((NULL == dinfo) || (0 == dinfo->port) )
    {
      MHD_stop_daemon (d); return 32;
    }
    port = dinfo->port;
  }
  if (0 != pthread_create (&pid, NULL,
                           &do_gets, (void *) (intptr_t) port))
  {
    MHD_stop_daemon (d);
    return 512;
  }
  start_timer ();

  while (0 == signal_done)
  {
    max = 0;
    FD_ZERO (&rs);
    FD_ZERO (&ws);
    FD_ZERO (&es);
    if (MHD_YES != MHD_get_fdset (d, &rs, &ws, &es, &max))
    {
      MHD_stop_daemon (d);
      return 4096;
    }
    tret = MHD_get_timeout64 (d, &tt64);
    if (MHD_YES != tret)
      tt64 = 1;
#if ! defined(_WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
    tv.tv_sec = (time_t) (tt64 / 1000);
#else  /* Native W32 */
    tv.tv_sec = (long) (tt64 / 1000);
#endif /* Native W32 */
    tv.tv_usec = ((long) (tt64 % 1000)) * 1000;
    if (-1 == select (max + 1, &rs, &ws, &es, &tv))
    {
#ifdef MHD_POSIX_SOCKETS
      if (EINTR != errno)
      {
        fprintf (stderr, "Unexpected select() error: %d. Line: %d\n",
                 (int) errno, __LINE__);
        fflush (stderr);
        exit (99);
      }
      ret |= 1024;
      break;
#else
      if ((WSAEINVAL != WSAGetLastError ()) ||
          (0 != rs.fd_count) || (0 != ws.fd_count) || (0 != es.fd_count) )
      {
        fprintf (stderr, "Unexpected select() error: %d. Line: %d\n",
                 (int) WSAGetLastError (), __LINE__);
        fflush (stderr);
        exit (99);
      }
      Sleep (1);
#endif
    }
    MHD_run_from_select (d, &rs, &ws, &es);
  }

  stop ("external select");
  MHD_stop_daemon (d);
  if ((0 != pthread_join (pid, (void **) &ret_val)) ||
      (NULL != ret_val) )
  {
    fprintf (stderr,
             "%s\n", ret_val);
    ret |= 8;
  }
  if (ret)
    fprintf (stderr, "Error performing test.\n");
  return 0;
}


int
main (int argc, char *const *argv)
{
  unsigned int errorCount = 0;
  uint16_t port = 1100;
  (void) argc;   /* Unused. Silent compiler warning. */

  if ((NULL == argv) || (0 == argv[0]))
    return 99;
  oneone = has_in_name (argv[0], "11");
  if (oneone)
    port += 15;
  if (0 != curl_global_init (CURL_GLOBAL_WIN32))
    return 2;
  response = MHD_create_response_from_buffer_copy (strlen ("/hello_world"),
                                                   "/hello_world");
  errorCount += testInternalGet (port++, 0);
  errorCount += testMultithreadedGet (port++, 0);
  errorCount += testMultithreadedPoolGet (port++, 0);
  errorCount += testExternalGet (port++);
  errorCount += testInternalGet (port++, MHD_USE_AUTO);
  errorCount += testMultithreadedGet (port++, MHD_USE_AUTO);
  errorCount += testMultithreadedPoolGet (port++, MHD_USE_AUTO);
  if (MHD_YES == MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_POLL))
  {
    errorCount += testInternalGet (port++, MHD_USE_POLL);
    errorCount += testMultithreadedGet (port++, MHD_USE_POLL);
    errorCount += testMultithreadedPoolGet (port++, MHD_USE_POLL);
  }
  if (MHD_YES == MHD_is_feature_supported (MHD_FEATURE_EPOLL))
  {
    errorCount += testInternalGet (port++, MHD_USE_EPOLL);
    errorCount += testMultithreadedPoolGet (port++, MHD_USE_EPOLL);
  }
  MHD_destroy_response (response);
  if (errorCount != 0)
    fprintf (stderr, "Error (code: %u)\n", errorCount);
  curl_global_cleanup ();
  return errorCount != 0;       /* 0 == pass */
}