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diff --git a/locale/it/LC_MESSAGES/messages.po b/locale/it/LC_MESSAGES/messages.po
index 83d1cd68..3309fe61 100644
--- a/locale/it/LC_MESSAGES/messages.po
+++ b/locale/it/LC_MESSAGES/messages.po
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ msgid ""
8msgstr "" 8msgstr ""
9"Project-Id-Version: PROJECT VERSION\n" 9"Project-Id-Version: PROJECT VERSION\n"
10"Report-Msgid-Bugs-To: EMAIL@ADDRESS\n" 10"Report-Msgid-Bugs-To: EMAIL@ADDRESS\n"
11"POT-Creation-Date: 2017-10-16 21:20+0200\n" 11"POT-Creation-Date: 2018-01-03 00:54+0100\n"
12"PO-Revision-Date: YEAR-MO-DA HO:MI+ZONE\n" 12"PO-Revision-Date: YEAR-MO-DA HO:MI+ZONE\n"
13"Last-Translator: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>\n" 13"Last-Translator: FULL NAME <EMAIL@ADDRESS>\n"
14"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n" 14"Language-Team: LANGUAGE <LL@li.org>\n"
@@ -18,6 +18,217 @@ msgstr ""
18"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n" 18"Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n"
19"Generated-By: Babel 2.4.0\n" 19"Generated-By: Babel 2.4.0\n"
20 20
21#: about.html.j2:8
22msgid ""
23"GNU maintainer. Network security &amp; privacy researcher. Software "
24"architect."
25msgstr ""
26
27#: about.html.j2:13
28msgid ""
29"Entrepreneur, Investor, Fortune 100 CIO, IT company director in different "
30"industries, …."
31msgstr ""
32
33#: about.html.j2:20
34msgid "Applied cryptography. Contact to W3c &amp; Tor."
35msgstr ""
36
37#: about.html.j2:25
38msgid "Theoretical foundations."
39msgstr ""
40
41#: about.html.j2:30
42msgid "Founder of the GNU project. Ethical guidance and licensing."
43msgstr ""
44
45#: about.html.j2:37
46msgid "PhD Student, TU Munich. Currently teaching."
47msgstr ""
48
49#: about.html.j2:42
50msgid "PhD Student, Inria.."
51msgstr ""
52
53#: about.html.j2:47 about.html.j2:62
54msgid "Software engineer."
55msgstr ""
56
57#: about.html.j2:54
58msgid "Sustainable business development."
59msgstr ""
60
61#: about.html.j2:58
62msgid "Software engineer. Works on libebics."
63msgstr ""
64
65#: about.html.j2:68 about.html.j2:72 about.html.j2:76
66msgid "Translator (Spanish)"
67msgstr ""
68
69#: about.html.j2:82 about.html.j2:86 about.html.j2:90
70msgid "Translator (Italian)"
71msgstr ""
72
73#: about.html.j2:94
74msgid "Translator (German)"
75msgstr ""
76
77#: about.html.j2:100
78msgid "Hardware security module"
79msgstr ""
80
81#: about.html.j2:104
82msgid "Risk management"
83msgstr ""
84
85#: about.html.j2:108
86msgid "PhD student, TU Munich. Currently teaching."
87msgstr ""
88
89#: about.html.j2:114
90msgid "Software engineer. Works on Android wallet."
91msgstr ""
92
93#: architecture.html.j2:6
94msgid "Taler System Architecture"
95msgstr ""
96
97#: bibliography.html.j2:4
98msgid "GNU Taler Bibliography"
99msgstr ""
100
101#: bibliography.html.j2:9 bibliography.html.j2:16 bibliography.html.j2:23
102#: bibliography.html.j2:29
103msgid "by"
104msgstr ""
105
106#: bibliography.html.j2:16 bibliography.html.j2:23 bibliography.html.j2:29
107msgid "and"
108msgstr ""
109
110#: bibliography.html.j2:30
111msgid "available upon request"
112msgstr ""
113
114#: citizens.html.j2:5
115msgid "Advantages for Citizens"
116msgstr ""
117
118#: citizens.html.j2:9
119msgid ""
120"Taler largely functions like digital cash. You withdraw money from your bank "
121"account into your electronic wallet, and can henceforth spend digital cash. "
122"The electronic wallet can carry multiple currencies."
123msgstr ""
124
125#: citizens.html.j2:25 governments.html.j2:58 merchants.html.j2:41
126msgid "Secure"
127msgstr ""
128
129#: citizens.html.j2:27
130msgid ""
131"Taler uses modern cryptography, ensuring that there is no counterfeit. Your "
132"digital wallet is safer than your physical wallet. At most, you can lose its "
133"contents because your computer or mobile is irreparably damaged or "
134"compromised. Unlike a physical wallet, you can make backups to secure "
135"against data loss."
136msgstr ""
137
138#: citizens.html.j2:37
139msgid "Private"
140msgstr ""
141
142#: citizens.html.j2:39
143msgid ""
144"Your transactions are private, neither the payment service provider nor "
145"merchant needs to learn your identity. There is no need to give out credit "
146"card numbers or other sensitive information. The merchant will only be able "
147"to do exactly the transaction you agreed to."
148msgstr ""
149
150#: citizens.html.j2:50
151msgid "Convenient"
152msgstr ""
153
154#: citizens.html.j2:52
155msgid ""
156"You will be able to withdraw money to replenish the digital coins in your "
157"wallet using your credit card or wire transfers. Afterwards you can pay with "
158"one-click using the Taler wallet, which optionally keeps your transaction "
159"history on your computer."
160msgstr ""
161
162#: citizens.html.j2:61
163msgid "Stable"
164msgstr ""
165
166#: citizens.html.j2:63
167msgid ""
168"Coins in your digital wallet will be of the same denomination as the cash in "
169"your physical wallet. Taler is not a crypto-currency, so you do not have to "
170"worry about cryto-currency related value fluctuations. Banking with Taler is "
171"subject to the usual government protections for financial services."
172msgstr ""
173
174#: citizens.html.j2:79
175msgid "Wallet Browser Extension"
176msgstr ""
177
178#: citizens.html.j2:81
179msgid ""
180"We currently provide a <a href=\"wallet.html\">wallet browser extension</a> "
181"for Chromium, Chrome, Firefox, Opera and Edge. Wallets for mobile phones and "
182"other platforms will be available in the future."
183msgstr ""
184
185#: citizens.html.j2:88
186msgid "Taler Demo"
187msgstr ""
188
189#: citizens.html.j2:90
190msgid ""
191"You can see how Taler works in practice by visiting our <a href=\"https://"
192"demo.taler.net\">demo page</a>."
193msgstr ""
194
195#: citizens.html.j2:103
196msgid "The Taler Wallet for customers"
197msgstr ""
198
199#: citizens.html.j2:105
200msgid "Customers interact with the Taler system using the Taler wallet:"
201msgstr ""
202
203#: citizens.html.j2:110
204msgid ""
205"To <b>withdraw</b> electronic coins, the customer transfers funds from his "
206"bank account to the Taler payment service provider (the exchange). The wire "
207"transfer subject must match a code identifying the customer's wallet. After "
208"the wire transfer is complete, the wallet will automatically withdraw the "
209"coins from the exchange."
210msgstr ""
211
212#: citizens.html.j2:118
213msgid ""
214"To <b>spend</b> electronic coins, a merchant must cause the wallet to "
215"display a proposal for some purchase. The wallet will ask the customer for "
216"one-click confirmation. Payment is then instant. Transaction histories and "
217"digitally signed contracts can be preserved by the wallet."
218msgstr ""
219
220#: citizens.html.j2:125
221msgid ""
222"The customer can use the wallet to <b>review</b> his balance. The wallet can "
223"contain different currencies, and may be shared across devices. Customers "
224"can make backups of the wallet to secure its contents against hardware "
225"failures."
226msgstr ""
227
228#: citizens.html.j2:137 merchants.html.j2:179
229msgid "customer perspective"
230msgstr ""
231
21#: contact.html.j2:6 232#: contact.html.j2:6
22msgid "Contact information" 233msgid "Contact information"
23msgstr "" 234msgstr ""
@@ -85,6 +296,205 @@ msgid ""
85"sufficient, but snail mail is preferred.</p>" 296"sufficient, but snail mail is preferred.</p>"
86msgstr "" 297msgstr ""
87 298
299#: developers.html.j2:5
300msgid "Taler for developers"
301msgstr ""
302
303#: developers.html.j2:12 merchants.html.j2:58
304msgid "Free"
305msgstr ""
306
307#: developers.html.j2:15
308msgid ""
309"GNU Taler is free software implementing an open protocol. Anybody is welcome "
310"to integrate our reference implementation into their applications. Different "
311"components of Taler are being made available under different licenses. The "
312"Affero GPLv3+ is used for the exchange, the LGPLv3+ is used for reference "
313"code demonstrating integration with merchant platforms, and licenses like "
314"GPLv3+ are used for wallets and related customer-facing software. We are "
315"open for constructive suggestions for maximizing the adoption of this "
316"payment platform."
317msgstr ""
318
319#: developers.html.j2:32
320msgid "RESTful"
321msgstr ""
322
323#: developers.html.j2:35
324msgid ""
325"Taler is designed to work on the Internet. To ensure that Taler payments can "
326"work with restrictive network setups, Taler uses a RESTful protocol over "
327"HTTP or HTTPS. Taler's security does not depend upon the use of HTTPS, but "
328"obviously merchants may choose to offer HTTPS for consistency and because it "
329"generally is better for privacy compared to HTTP. Taler uses JSON to encode "
330"structure data, making it easy to integrate Taler with existing Web "
331"applications. Taler's protocol is documented in detail at <a href=\"https://"
332"docs.taler.net/\">docs.taler.net</a>."
333msgstr ""
334
335#: developers.html.j2:58
336msgid "Code"
337msgstr ""
338
339#: developers.html.j2:61
340msgid ""
341"Taler is currently primarily developed by a research team at <a href="
342"\"http://www.inria.fr/\">Inria</a> and <a href=\"https://gnunet.org/"
343"\">GNUnet</a>. However, contributions from anyone are welcome. Our Git "
344"repositories can be cloned using the Git and HTTP access methods against "
345"<tt>git.taler.net</tt> with the name of the respective repository. A list of "
346"repositories can be found in our <a href=\"https://git.taler.net/\">GitWeb</"
347"a>."
348msgstr ""
349
350#: developers.html.j2:75
351msgid "Documentation"
352msgstr ""
353
354#: developers.html.j2:78
355msgid ""
356"In addition to this website, the <a href=\"https://git.taler.net/"
357"\">documented code</a> and the <a href=\"https://docs.taler.net/\">API "
358"documentation</a>. Technical papers can be found in our <a href="
359"\"bibliography.html\">bibliography</a>."
360msgstr ""
361
362#: common/footer.j2.inc:15 developers.html.j2:88
363msgid "Discussion"
364msgstr ""
365
366#: developers.html.j2:91
367msgid ""
368"We have a mailing list for developer discussions. You can subscribe to or "
369"read the list archive at <a href=\"http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/"
370"taler\">http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/taler</a>."
371msgstr ""
372
373#: developers.html.j2:101
374msgid "Regression Testing"
375msgstr ""
376
377#: developers.html.j2:104
378msgid ""
379"We have <a href=\"https://buildbot.net/\">Buildbot</a> automation tests to "
380"detect regressions and check for portability at <a href=\"https://buildbot."
381"taler.net/\">buildbot.taler.net</a>."
382msgstr ""
383
384#: developers.html.j2:113
385msgid "Code Coverage Analysis"
386msgstr ""
387
388#: developers.html.j2:116
389msgid ""
390"We use <a href=\"http://ltp.sourceforge.net/coverage/lcov.php\">LCOV</a> to "
391"analyze the code coverage of our tests, the results are available at <a href="
392"\"https://lcov.taler.net/\">lcov.taler.net</a>."
393msgstr ""
394
395#: developers.html.j2:126
396msgid "Performance Analysis"
397msgstr ""
398
399#: developers.html.j2:129
400msgid ""
401"We use <a href=\"https://gnunet.org/gauger\">Gauger</a> for performance "
402"regression analysis of the exchange backend at <a href=\"https://gauger."
403"taler.net/\">gauger.taler.net</a>."
404msgstr ""
405
406#: developers.html.j2:145
407msgid "Taler system overview"
408msgstr ""
409
410#: developers.html.j2:148
411msgid ""
412"The Taler system consists of protocols executed among a number of actors as "
413"illustrated in the illustration on the right. Typical transactions involve "
414"the following steps:"
415msgstr ""
416
417#: developers.html.j2:155
418msgid "system overview"
419msgstr ""
420
421#: developers.html.j2:158
422msgid ""
423"A customer instructs his <b>bank</b> to transfer funds from his account to "
424"the Taler exchange (top left). In the subject of the transaction, he "
425"includes an authentication token from his electronic <b>wallet</b>. In Taler "
426"terminology, the customer creates a reserve at the exchange."
427msgstr ""
428
429#: developers.html.j2:170
430msgid ""
431"Once the exchange has received the wire transfer, it allows the customer's "
432"electronic wallet to <b>withdraw</b> electronic coins. The electronic coins "
433"are digital representations of the original currency from the transfer. It "
434"is important to note that the exchange does not learn the &quot;serial "
435"numbers&quot; of the coins created in this process, so it cannot tell later "
436"which customer purchased what at which merchant. The use of Taler does not "
437"change the currency or the total value of the funds (except for fees which "
438"the exchange may charge for the service)."
439msgstr ""
440
441#: developers.html.j2:188
442msgid ""
443"Once the customer has the digital coins in his wallet, the wallet can be "
444"used to <b>spend</b> the coins with merchant portals that support the Taler "
445"payment system and accept the respective exchange as a business partner "
446"(bottom arrow). This creates a digital contract signed by the customer's "
447"coins and the merchant. If necessary, the customer can later use this "
448"digitally signed contract in a court of law to prove the exact terms of the "
449"contract and that he paid the respective amount. The customer does not learn "
450"the banking details of the merchant, and Taler does not require the merchant "
451"to learn the identity of the customer. Naturally, the customer can spend any "
452"fraction of his digital coins (the system takes care of customers getting "
453"change)."
454msgstr ""
455
456#: developers.html.j2:210
457msgid ""
458"Merchants receiving digital coins <b>deposit</b> the respective claims that "
459"resulted from the contract signing with the customer at the exchange to "
460"redeem the coins. The deposit step does not reveal the details of the "
461"contract between the customer and the merchant or the identity of the "
462"customer to the exchange in any way. However, the exchange does learn the "
463"identity of the merchant via the provided bank routing information. The "
464"merchant can, for example when compelled by the state for taxation, provide "
465"information linking the individual deposit to the respective contract signed "
466"by the customer. Thus, the exchange's database allows the state to enforce "
467"that merchants pay applicable taxes (and do not engage in illegal contracts)."
468msgstr ""
469
470#: developers.html.j2:233
471msgid ""
472"Finally, the exchange transfers funds corresponding to the digital coins "
473"redeemed by the merchants to the merchant's <b>bank</b> account. The "
474"exchange may combine multiple small transactions into one larger bank "
475"transfer. The merchant can query the exchange about the relationship between "
476"the bank transfers and the individual claims that were deposited."
477msgstr ""
478
479#: developers.html.j2:247
480msgid ""
481"Most importantly, the exchange keeps cryptographic proofs that allow it to "
482"demonstrate that it is operating correctly to third parties. The system "
483"requires an external <b>auditor</b>, such as a government-appointed "
484"financial regulatory body, to frequently verify the exchange's databases and "
485"check that its bank balance matches the total value of the remaining coins "
486"in circulation."
487msgstr ""
488
489#: developers.html.j2:262
490msgid ""
491"Without the auditor, the exchange operators could embezzle funds they are "
492"holding in reserve. Customers and merchants cannot cheat each other or the "
493"exchange. If any party's computers are compromised, the financial damage is "
494"limited to the respective party and proportional to the funds they have in "
495"circulation during the period of the compromise."
496msgstr ""
497
88#: ev.html.j2:5 498#: ev.html.j2:5
89msgid "Verein zur Förderung von GNUnet e.V." 499msgid "Verein zur Förderung von GNUnet e.V."
90msgstr "" 500msgstr ""
@@ -172,6 +582,561 @@ msgstr ""
172msgid "2016-12" 582msgid "2016-12"
173msgstr "" 583msgstr ""
174 584
585#: faq.html.j2:5
586msgid "How is Taler related to Bitcoin or Blockchains?"
587msgstr ""
588
589#: faq.html.j2:6
590msgid ""
591"<p>Taler does not use any Blockchain technology or Bitcoin directly. Taler "
592"is not based on proof-of-work or any other distributed consensus mechanism. "
593"Instead Taler is based on blind signatures.</p>"
594msgstr ""
595
596#: faq.html.j2:11
597msgid ""
598"<p>It would be possible, however, to withdraw coins denominated in Bitcoin "
599"into a Taler wallet (with an appropriate exchange), which would give some "
600"benefits over plain Bitcoin, such as instant confirmation times.</p>"
601msgstr ""
602
603#: faq.html.j2:18
604msgid "Where is the balance in my wallet stored?"
605msgstr ""
606
607#: faq.html.j2:19
608msgid ""
609"<p>Your wallet stores digital coins and thus ultimately your computer holds "
610"your balance. The exchange keeps funds matching all unspent coins in an "
611"escrow bank account.</p>"
612msgstr ""
613
614#: faq.html.j2:25
615msgid "What if my wallet is lost?"
616msgstr ""
617
618#: faq.html.j2:26
619msgid ""
620"<p>Since the digital coins of value in your wallet are anonymized, the "
621"exchange can not assist you in recovering a lost or stolen wallet. Just like "
622"with a physical wallet for cash, you are responsible for keeping it safe.</p>"
623msgstr ""
624
625#: faq.html.j2:32
626msgid ""
627"<p>The risk of losing a wallet can be mitigated by making backups or keeping "
628"the balance reasonably low.</p>"
629msgstr ""
630
631#: faq.html.j2:37
632msgid "What if my computer is hacked?"
633msgstr ""
634
635#: faq.html.j2:38
636msgid ""
637"<p>In case of a compromise of one of your devices, an attacker can spend "
638"coins from your wallet. Checking your balance might reveal to you that your "
639"device has been compromised.</p>"
640msgstr ""
641
642#: faq.html.j2:44
643msgid "Can I send money to my friend with Taler?"
644msgstr ""
645
646#: faq.html.j2:45
647msgid ""
648"<p>If your friend provides goods or services for you in exchange for a "
649"payment, they can easily set up a Taler merchant and receive the payment in "
650"their bank account.</p>"
651msgstr ""
652
653#: faq.html.j2:50
654msgid ""
655"<p>Future versions of the Taler wallet may allow exchanging coins among "
656"friends directly as well.</p>"
657msgstr ""
658
659#: faq.html.j2:56
660msgid "How does Taler handle payments in different currencies?"
661msgstr ""
662
663#: faq.html.j2:57
664msgid ""
665"<p>Taler wallets can store digital coins corresponding to multiple different "
666"currencies such as the Euro, US Dollars or Bitcoins.</p>"
667msgstr ""
668
669#: faq.html.j2:61
670msgid "<p>Taler currently does not offer conversion between currencies.</p>"
671msgstr ""
672
673#: faq.html.j2:65
674msgid "How does Taler protect my privacy?"
675msgstr ""
676
677#: faq.html.j2:66
678msgid ""
679"<p>Your wallet stores digital coins that are <a href=\"https://en.wikipedia."
680"org/wiki/Blind_signature\">blindly signed</a> by an exchange. The use of a "
681"blind signature protects your privacy as it prevents the exchange from "
682"knowing which coin it signed for which customer.</p>"
683msgstr ""
684
685#: financial-news.html.j2:6
686msgid "Financial News"
687msgstr ""
688
689#: financial-news.html.j2:9
690msgid ""
691"This page explains (only in English) how Taler can change ongoing "
692"developments in the financial industry."
693msgstr ""
694
695#: glossary.html.j2:6
696msgid "auditor"
697msgstr ""
698
699#: glossary.html.j2:8
700msgid ""
701"trusted third party that verifies that the `exchange` is operating correctly"
702msgstr ""
703
704#: glossary.html.j2:12
705msgid "bank"
706msgstr ""
707
708#: glossary.html.j2:14
709msgid ""
710"traditional financial service provider who offers wire `transfers` between "
711"accounts"
712msgstr ""
713
714#: glossary.html.j2:18
715msgid "coin"
716msgstr ""
717
718#: glossary.html.j2:20
719msgid ""
720"coins are individual token representing a certain amount of value, also "
721"known as the `denomination` of the coin"
722msgstr ""
723
724#: glossary.html.j2:24
725msgid "contract"
726msgstr ""
727
728#: glossary.html.j2:26
729msgid "the proposal signed by the wallet."
730msgstr ""
731
732#: glossary.html.j2:30
733msgid "denomination"
734msgstr ""
735
736#: glossary.html.j2:32
737msgid ""
738"unit of currency, specifies both the currency and the face value of a `coin`"
739msgstr ""
740
741#: glossary.html.j2:36
742msgid "denomination key"
743msgstr ""
744
745#: glossary.html.j2:38
746msgid ""
747"RSA key used by the exchange to certify that a given `coin` is valid and of "
748"a particular `denomination`"
749msgstr ""
750
751#: glossary.html.j2:42
752msgid "deposit"
753msgstr ""
754
755#: glossary.html.j2:44
756msgid ""
757"operation by which a merchant passes coins to an exchange, expecting the "
758"exchange to credit his `bank` account in the future using a wire `transfer`"
759msgstr ""
760
761#: glossary.html.j2:48
762msgid "dirty"
763msgstr ""
764
765#: glossary.html.j2:50
766msgid ""
767"a `coin` is dirty if its public key may be known to an entity other than the "
768"customer, thereby creating the danger of some entity being able to link "
769"multiple transactions of coin's owner if the coin is not refreshed first"
770msgstr ""
771
772#: glossary.html.j2:54
773msgid "exchange"
774msgstr ""
775
776#: glossary.html.j2:56
777msgid ""
778"Taler's payment service provider. Issues eletronic `coins` during "
779"`withdrawal` and redeems them when they are `deposited` by merchants."
780msgstr ""
781
782#: glossary.html.j2:60
783msgid "extension"
784msgstr ""
785
786#: glossary.html.j2:62
787msgid "implementation of a `wallet` for browsers"
788msgstr ""
789
790#: glossary.html.j2:66
791msgid "fresh coin"
792msgstr ""
793
794#: glossary.html.j2:68
795msgid "a `coin` is fresh if its public key is only known to the customer"
796msgstr ""
797
798#: glossary.html.j2:72
799msgid "master key"
800msgstr ""
801
802#: glossary.html.j2:74
803msgid ""
804"offline key used by the exchange to certify denomination keys and message "
805"signing keys"
806msgstr ""
807
808#: glossary.html.j2:78
809msgid "message signing key"
810msgstr ""
811
812#: glossary.html.j2:80
813msgid "key used by the exchange to sign online messages, other than coins"
814msgstr ""
815
816#: glossary.html.j2:84
817msgid "offer"
818msgstr ""
819
820#: glossary.html.j2:86
821msgid ""
822"specification of the details of a transaction, specifies the payment "
823"obligations for the customer (i.e. the amount), the deliverables of the "
824"merchant and other related information, such as deadlines or locations; "
825"However, it lacks some information that the backend is supposed to provide. "
826"In other words, after the backend adds the missing information to the offer "
827"and signs it, it becomes a proposal."
828msgstr ""
829
830#: glossary.html.j2:95
831msgid "owner"
832msgstr ""
833
834#: glossary.html.j2:97
835msgid "a `coin` is owned by the entity that knows the private key of the coin"
836msgstr ""
837
838#: glossary.html.j2:101
839msgid "proof"
840msgstr ""
841
842#: glossary.html.j2:103
843msgid ""
844"message that cryptographically demonstrates that a particular claim is "
845"correct"
846msgstr ""
847
848#: glossary.html.j2:107
849msgid "proposal"
850msgstr ""
851
852#: glossary.html.j2:109
853msgid "a sketch that has been completed and signed by the merchant backend."
854msgstr ""
855
856#: glossary.html.j2:113
857msgid "reserve"
858msgstr ""
859
860#: glossary.html.j2:115
861msgid ""
862"funds set aside for future use; either the balance of a customer at the "
863"exchange ready for `withdrawal`, or the funds kept in the exchange's bank "
864"account to cover obligations from coins in circulation"
865msgstr ""
866
867#: glossary.html.j2:119
868msgid "refreshing"
869msgstr ""
870
871#: glossary.html.j2:121
872msgid ""
873"operation by which a `dirty` `coin` is converted into one or more `fresh` "
874"coins"
875msgstr ""
876
877#: glossary.html.j2:125
878msgid "refund"
879msgstr ""
880
881#: glossary.html.j2:127
882msgid ""
883"operation by which a merchant steps back from the right to funds that he "
884"obtained from a `deposit` operation, giving the right to the funds back to "
885"the customer"
886msgstr ""
887
888#: glossary.html.j2:131
889msgid "sharing"
890msgstr ""
891
892#: glossary.html.j2:133
893msgid ""
894"users can share ownership of a `coin` by sharing access to the coin's "
895"private key, thereby allowing all co-owners to spend the coin at any time."
896msgstr ""
897
898#: glossary.html.j2:137
899msgid "signing key"
900msgstr ""
901
902#: glossary.html.j2:139
903msgid "see message signing key."
904msgstr ""
905
906#: glossary.html.j2:143
907msgid "spending"
908msgstr ""
909
910#: glossary.html.j2:145
911msgid ""
912"operation by which a customer gives a merchant the right to `deposit` coins "
913"in return for merchandise"
914msgstr ""
915
916#: glossary.html.j2:149
917msgid "transfer"
918msgstr ""
919
920#: glossary.html.j2:151
921msgid "method of sending funds between `bank` accounts"
922msgstr ""
923
924#: glossary.html.j2:155
925msgid "transaction"
926msgstr ""
927
928#: glossary.html.j2:157
929msgid ""
930"method by which ownership is exclusively transferred from one entity to "
931"another"
932msgstr ""
933
934#: glossary.html.j2:161
935msgid "transaction id"
936msgstr ""
937
938#: glossary.html.j2:163
939msgid "unique number by which a merchant identifies a `transaction`"
940msgstr ""
941
942#: glossary.html.j2:167
943msgid "wallet"
944msgstr ""
945
946#: glossary.html.j2:169
947msgid ""
948"software running on a customer's computer; withdraws, stores and spends coins"
949msgstr ""
950
951#: glossary.html.j2:173
952msgid "wire transfer"
953msgstr ""
954
955#: glossary.html.j2:175
956msgid "see `transfer`"
957msgstr ""
958
959#: glossary.html.j2:179
960msgid "wire transfer identifier"
961msgstr ""
962
963#: glossary.html.j2:181
964msgid ""
965"subject of a wire `transfer`; usually a random string to uniquely identify "
966"the `transfer`"
967msgstr ""
968
969#: glossary.html.j2:185
970msgid "withdrawal"
971msgstr ""
972
973#: glossary.html.j2:187
974msgid ""
975"operation by which a `wallet` can convert funds from a reserve to fresh coins"
976msgstr ""
977
978#: governments.html.j2:6
979msgid "Advantages for Governments"
980msgstr ""
981
982#: governments.html.j2:8
983msgid ""
984"Taler provides accountability to ensure business operate legally, while also "
985"respecting civil liberties of citizens. Taler is a payment system based on "
986"open standards and free software. Taler needs governments as they set a "
987"financial framework and act as trusted regulators. Taler contributes to "
988"digital sovereignty in the critical financial infrastructure."
989msgstr ""
990
991#: governments.html.j2:25
992msgid "Taxable"
993msgstr ""
994
995#: governments.html.j2:28
996msgid ""
997"Taler was built with the goal of fighting corruption and supporting "
998"taxation. With Taler, the receiver of any form of payment is easily "
999"identified by the government, and the merchant can be compelled to provide "
1000"the contract that was accepted by the customer. Governments can use this "
1001"data to tax businesses and individuals based on their income, making tax "
1002"evasion and black markets less viable."
1003msgstr ""
1004
1005#: governments.html.j2:41
1006msgid ""
1007"Thus, despite offering anonymity for citizens spending digital cash to buy "
1008"goods and services, Taler also ensures that the state can observe incoming "
1009"funds. This can be used to ensure businesses engage only in legal "
1010"activities, and do not evade income tax, sales tax or value-added tax. "
1011"However, this observational capability does not extend to the immediate "
1012"personal domain. In particular, monitoring does not cover shared access to "
1013"funds with trusted friends and family, or synchronizing wallets across "
1014"multiple devices."
1015msgstr ""
1016
1017#: governments.html.j2:61
1018msgid ""
1019"Taler's payments are cryptographically secured. Thus, customers, merchants "
1020"and the Taler payment service provider (the exchange) can mathematically "
1021"demonstrate their lawful behavior in court in case of disputes. Financial "
1022"damages are strictly limited, improving economic security for individuals, "
1023"merchants, the exchange and the state."
1024msgstr ""
1025
1026#: governments.html.j2:73
1027msgid ""
1028"As a payment service provider, the Taler exchange is subject to financial "
1029"regulation. Financial regulation and regular audits are critical to "
1030"establish trust. In particular, the Taler design mandates the existence of "
1031"an independent auditor who checks cryptographic proofs that accumulate at "
1032"the exchange to ensure that the escrow account is managed honestly. This "
1033"ensures that the exchange does not threaten the economy due to fraud."
1034msgstr ""
1035
1036#: governments.html.j2:88
1037msgid "Libre"
1038msgstr ""
1039
1040#: governments.html.j2:91
1041msgid ""
1042"Taler is free software implementing an open protocol standard. Thus, Taler "
1043"will enable competition and avoid the monopolization of payment systems that "
1044"threatens global political and financial stability today."
1045msgstr ""
1046
1047#: governments.html.j2:101
1048msgid "Efficient"
1049msgstr ""
1050
1051#: governments.html.j2:104
1052msgid ""
1053"Taler has an efficient design. Unlike Blockchain-based payment systems, such "
1054"as Bitcoin, Taler will not threaten the availability of national electric "
1055"grids or (significantly) contribute to environmental pollution."
1056msgstr ""
1057
1058#: governments.html.j2:120
1059msgid "Taler and regulation"
1060msgstr ""
1061
1062#: governments.html.j2:122
1063msgid "Anti money laundering (AML)"
1064msgstr ""
1065
1066#: governments.html.j2:123
1067msgid ""
1068"With Taler, income is visible and can be tied to the contract signed by both "
1069"parties."
1070msgstr ""
1071
1072#: governments.html.j2:124
1073msgid "Know your customer (KYC)"
1074msgstr ""
1075
1076#: governments.html.j2:125
1077msgid ""
1078"In Taler, payer and payee are known by their bank accounts when withdrawing "
1079"or depositing coins respectively"
1080msgstr ""
1081
1082#: governments.html.j2:126
1083msgid "General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)"
1084msgstr ""
1085
1086#: governments.html.j2:127
1087msgid ""
1088"Taler cryptographically protects citizen's privacy, and by design implements "
1089"data minimization and privacy by default."
1090msgstr ""
1091
1092#: governments.html.j2:128
1093msgid "Payment Services Directive (PSD2)"
1094msgstr ""
1095
1096#: governments.html.j2:129
1097msgid ""
1098"Taler provides an open standard with public APIs contributing to a "
1099"competitive banking sector."
1100msgstr ""
1101
1102#: governments.html.j2:137
1103msgid "Taler provides privacy and accountability"
1104msgstr ""
1105
1106#: governments.html.j2:140
1107msgid ""
1108"Taler assumes governments can observe traditional wire transfers entering "
1109"and leaving the Taler payment system. Starting with the wire transfers, "
1110"governments can obtain:"
1111msgstr ""
1112
1113#: governments.html.j2:148
1114msgid ""
1115"The total amount of digital currency withdrawn by a customer. The government "
1116"can impose limits on how much digital cash a customer can withdraw within a "
1117"given time frame."
1118msgstr ""
1119
1120#: governments.html.j2:157
1121msgid "The income received by any merchant via the Taler system."
1122msgstr ""
1123
1124#: governments.html.j2:164
1125msgid ""
1126"The exact details of the underlying contract that was signed between "
1127"customer and merchant. However, this information would typically not include "
1128"the identity of the customer."
1129msgstr ""
1130
1131#: governments.html.j2:174
1132msgid ""
1133"The amounts of digital coins legitimately withdrawn by customers from the "
1134"exchange, the value of non-redeemed digital coins in customer's wallets, the "
1135"value and corresponding wire details of deposit operations performed by "
1136"merchants with the exchange, and the income of the exchange from transaction "
1137"fees."
1138msgstr ""
1139
175#: index.html.j2:6 1140#: index.html.j2:6
176msgid "GNUnet logo" 1141msgid "GNUnet logo"
177msgstr "" 1142msgstr ""
@@ -268,11 +1233,262 @@ msgstr ""
268msgid "GNUnet News" 1233msgid "GNUnet News"
269msgstr "" 1234msgstr ""
270 1235
1236#: investors.html.j2:6
1237msgid "Invest in Taler!"
1238msgstr ""
1239
1240#: investors.html.j2:9
1241msgid ""
1242"We have created a company, Taler Systems SA in Luxembourg.<br> Please "
1243"contact <tt>invest@taler.net</tt> if you want to invest in Taler."
1244msgstr ""
1245
1246#: investors.html.j2:24
1247msgid "The Team"
1248msgstr ""
1249
1250#: investors.html.j2:27
1251msgid ""
1252"Our <a href=\"about.html\">team</a> combines world-class business leaders, "
1253"cryptographers, software engineers, civil-rights activists and academics. We "
1254"are unified by a vision of how payments should work and the goal of imposing "
1255"this vision upon the world."
1256msgstr ""
1257
1258#: investors.html.j2:37
1259msgid ""
1260"We are currently supported by <a href=\"http://www.inria.fr/\">Inria</a>, "
1261"the French national institute for research in informatics and automation, "
1262"and the <a href=\"https://renewablefreedom.org/\">Renewable Freedom "
1263"Foundation</a>."
1264msgstr ""
1265
1266#: investors.html.j2:45
1267msgid "The Technology"
1268msgstr ""
1269
1270#: investors.html.j2:48
1271msgid ""
1272"All transactions in Taler are secured using <a href=\"bibliography.html"
1273"\">modern cryptography</a> and trust in all parties is minimized. Financial "
1274"damage is bounded (for customers, merchants and the exchange) even in the "
1275"case that systems are compromised and private keys are stolen. Databases can "
1276"be audited for consistency, resulting in either the detection of compromised "
1277"systems or the demonstration that participants were honest. Actual "
1278"transaction costs are fractions of a cent."
1279msgstr ""
1280
1281#: investors.html.j2:63
1282msgid "The Business"
1283msgstr ""
1284
1285#: investors.html.j2:66
1286msgid ""
1287"The scalable business model for Taler is the operation of the payment "
1288"service provider, which converts money from traditional payment systems "
1289"(MasterCard, SEPA, UPI, Visa, Bitcoin, ACH, SWIFT, etc.) to anonymous "
1290"electronic coins in the same currency. The customer can then redeem the "
1291"electronic coins at a merchant, who can exchange them for money represented "
1292"using traditional payment systems at the exchange. The exchange charges fees "
1293"to facilitate the transactions."
1294msgstr ""
1295
1296#: investors.html.j2:85
1297msgid "The Business Case"
1298msgstr ""
1299
1300#: investors.html.j2:88
1301msgid "Download"
1302msgstr ""
1303
1304#: investors.html.j2:91
1305msgid ""
1306"Our <a href=\"financial-news.html\">financial news</a> page explains in "
1307"English how Taler can impact current developments in the global payment "
1308"market."
1309msgstr ""
1310
1311#: investors.html.j2:114
1312msgid "Running a Taler payment service operator"
1313msgstr ""
1314
1315#: investors.html.j2:117
1316msgid ""
1317"The payment service operator runs the <em>Taler exchange</em>. The exchange "
1318"charges <b>transaction fees</b> to customers or merchants. Its operational "
1319"expenses are from wire transfers with the banking system and the operation "
1320"of the computing infrastructure."
1321msgstr ""
1322
1323#: investors.html.j2:127
1324msgid ""
1325"Cryptographic operations, bandwidth and storage costs are less than 0.01 "
1326"cent per transaction."
1327msgstr ""
1328
1329#: investors.html.j2:129
1330msgid ""
1331"Multiple Taler transactions can be aggregated into larger wire transfers to "
1332"merchants to minimize wire transfer costs."
1333msgstr ""
1334
1335#: investors.html.j2:131
1336msgid ""
1337"Protocol allows the exchange to charge fees for any expensive operation "
1338"(withdraw, deposit, refresh, refund or aggregated wire transfers)."
1339msgstr ""
1340
1341#: investors.html.j2:133
1342msgid "Partnership with banks establishes consumer trust."
1343msgstr ""
1344
1345#: investors.html.j2:135
1346msgid "Partnership with free software community enables rapid deployment."
1347msgstr ""
1348
1349#: merchants.html.j2:5
1350msgid "Advantages for Merchants"
1351msgstr ""
1352
1353#: merchants.html.j2:8
1354msgid ""
1355"Taler is a cost-effective electronic payment system which provides you with "
1356"cryptographic proof that the payment worked correctly within milliseconds. "
1357"Your Web customers pay with previously unknown levels of convenience without "
1358"risk of fraud."
1359msgstr ""
1360
1361#: merchants.html.j2:22
1362msgid "Fast"
1363msgstr ""
1364
1365#: merchants.html.j2:25
1366msgid ""
1367"Processing transactions with Taler is fast, allowing you to confirm the "
1368"transaction with your customer virtually immediately. Your customers will "
1369"appreciate that they do not have to type in credit card information and play "
1370"the &quot;verified by&quot; game. By making payments significantly more "
1371"convenient for your customers, you may be able to use Taler for small "
1372"transactions that would not work with credit card payments due to the mental "
1373"overhead for customers."
1374msgstr ""
1375
1376#: merchants.html.j2:44
1377msgid ""
1378"You will have cryptographic proof of payment from the Taler payment service "
1379"provider. With Taler you never handle sensitive customer account information "
1380"and thus do not have to undergo any particular security audits (such as PCI "
1381"DSS). Your systems will have customer contracts with qualified signatures "
1382"for all transactions which you can use in court in case of disputes."
1383msgstr ""
1384
1385#: merchants.html.j2:61
1386msgid ""
1387"Taler is free software, and you can use the liberally-licensed reference "
1388"code as a starting point to integrate Taler into your services. To use "
1389"Taler, you do not need to pay license fees, and the free software "
1390"development model will ensure that you can select from many competing "
1391"integrators for support."
1392msgstr ""
1393
1394#: merchants.html.j2:76
1395msgid "Cheap"
1396msgstr ""
1397
1398#: merchants.html.j2:79
1399msgid ""
1400"Taler is uses efficient cryptographic constructions with low bandwidth and "
1401"storage requirements. Combined with Taler's strong security which makes "
1402"fraud impossible, Taler payment service providers can operate with very low "
1403"overhead and thus offer low transaction fees."
1404msgstr ""
1405
1406#: merchants.html.j2:89
1407msgid "Flexible"
1408msgstr ""
1409
1410#: merchants.html.j2:92
1411msgid ""
1412"Taler can be used for different currencies (such as Euros, US Dollars or "
1413"Bitcoins) and any amount, limited only by applicable regulatation and what "
1414"denominations the payment service provider supports."
1415msgstr ""
1416
1417#: merchants.html.j2:101
1418msgid "Ethical"
1419msgstr ""
1420
1421#: merchants.html.j2:104
1422msgid ""
1423"Taler prevents tax evasion and money laundering. Taler's protocols are "
1424"efficient and do not use wasteful proof-of-work calculations. Taler "
1425"encourages transparency by providing an open standard and free software "
1426"reference implementations."
1427msgstr ""
1428
1429#: merchants.html.j2:119
1430msgid "Manuals for merchants"
1431msgstr ""
1432
1433#: merchants.html.j2:122
1434msgid "The GNU Taler merchant backend operator manual"
1435msgstr ""
1436
1437#: merchants.html.j2:125
1438msgid "The GNU Taler Web shop integration tutorial (PHP)"
1439msgstr ""
1440
1441#: merchants.html.j2:128
1442msgid "The GNU Taler Web shop integration tutorial (Python)"
1443msgstr ""
1444
1445#: merchants.html.j2:140
1446msgid "The GNU Taler Merchant Backend"
1447msgstr ""
1448
1449#: merchants.html.j2:142
1450msgid "Merchants process payments using the Taler backend:"
1451msgstr ""
1452
1453#: merchants.html.j2:147
1454msgid ""
1455"The backend <b>signs</b> and <b>stores</b> the complete terms of offers made "
1456"by the merchant to customers. For this, the merchant's frontend needs to "
1457"give the customer's order in a JSON format to the backend."
1458msgstr ""
1459
1460#: merchants.html.j2:156
1461msgid ""
1462"The backend <b>validates</b> payments received from the wallet and "
1463"<b>executes</b> them with the Taler payment service provider (the exchange). "
1464"For this, the merchant's frontend must pass the payment request through to "
1465"the Taler backend and check the HTTP status code that is returned."
1466msgstr ""
1467
1468#: merchants.html.j2:167
1469msgid ""
1470"The backend can <b>list</b> completed transactions and <b>map</b> wire "
1471"transfers to sets of business transactions, including the exact terms of "
1472"each contract."
1473msgstr ""
1474
271#: news.html.j2.inc:1 1475#: news.html.j2.inc:1
272msgid "More news" 1476msgid "More news"
273msgstr "" 1477msgstr ""
274 1478
275#: common/base.j2:5 common/base.j2.inc:5 common/base.j2.inc:6 1479#: old-news.html.j2:6
1480msgid "Older News"
1481msgstr ""
1482
1483#: old-news.html.j2:9
1484msgid "This page documents the GNU Taler history."
1485msgstr ""
1486
1487#: press.html.j2:4
1488msgid "GNU Taler in the Press"
1489msgstr ""
1490
1491#: common/base.j2:5
276msgid "GNUnet" 1492msgid "GNUnet"
277msgstr "" 1493msgstr ""
278 1494
@@ -296,10 +1512,6 @@ msgstr ""
296msgid "Bug Tracker" 1512msgid "Bug Tracker"
297msgstr "" 1513msgstr ""
298 1514
299#: common/footer.j2.inc:15
300msgid "Discussion"
301msgstr ""
302
303#: common/footer.j2.inc:16 1515#: common/footer.j2.inc:16
304msgid "IRC logs" 1516msgid "IRC logs"
305msgstr "" 1517msgstr ""